Argentina Demographics

Argentina Demographics 2023

Argentina Population 45,195,774    Yearly Change + 0.93%Global Share 0.58%Global Rank

Fertility in Argentina

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline



(Live Births per Woman, 2020)

Life Expectancy in Argentina


77.2 years

(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)

80.4 years

(life expectancy at birth, females)

73.8 years

(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Argentina

 INFANT MORTALITY 9.0 (infant deaths per 1,000 live births)DEATHS UNDER AGE 5 10.4 (per 1,000 live births)

Argentina Urban Population

Currently, 92.7 % of the population of Argentina is urban (41,489,566 people in 2019)


Population Density

The 2019 population density in Argentina is 16 people per Km2 (42 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 2,736,690 Km2 (1,056,641 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Argentina

1 Buenos Aires 13,076,300
2 Cordoba 1,428,214
3 Rosario 1,173,533
4 Mendoza 876,884
5 San Miguel de Tucuman 781,023
6 La Plata 694,167
7 Mar del Plata 553,935
8 Salta 512,686
9 Santa Fe 489,505
10 San Juan 447,048
11 Resistencia 387,158
12 Santiago del Estero 354,692
13 Corrientes 339,067
14 Posadas 323,739
15 Moron 319,934
16 San Salvador de Jujuy 305,891
17 Bahia Blanca 276,546
18 Parana 262,295
19 Neuquen 242,092
20 Quilmes 230,000
21 Pilar 226,517
22 Formosa 221,383


Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called “Age-Sex Pyramid”) is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.


  • Expansive – pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive – pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary – with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.


Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as “working age” may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the “dependent” population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.

See also

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