COUNTRIES

List of Countries and Regions of The World From A-Z

As our world grows more connected and globalized, it is essential to have a solid understanding of the different countries and regions that make up our planet. From the vast expanses of Asia to the small island nations of the Caribbean, each area of the world has its unique characteristics, cultures, and histories.

we will explore the various countries and regions of the world, delving into their defining features, languages, and economies.

FAQs About the World

  1. How many countries are there in the world?
  • There are 195 countries in the world today, including 193 member states of the United Nations and two observer states.
  1. What is the most populated country in the world?
  • China is the most populous country in the world, with a population of over 1.4 billion people.
  1. What is the largest country in the world?
  • Russia is the largest country in the world, with a total area of 17,098,242 square kilometers.
  1. What is the official language of Brazil?
  • The official language of Brazil is Portuguese.
  1. What is the currency of Japan?
  • The currency of Japan is the Japanese yen (JPY).

World Regions: Geographies, Histories, Cultures and Economies

North American Regions of the World

North America is a continent that consists of three countries: Canada, the United States, and Mexico. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. The region has a wide range of geographic features, including the Rocky Mountains, the Great Plains, and the Appalachian Mountains.

The history of North America is rich and varied, from the indigenous peoples who have lived on the continent for thousands of years to the arrival of European explorers and settlers in the 16th century. Today, North America is home to diverse cultures and languages, with English, Spanish, and French being the most commonly spoken. The economies of the three countries are closely intertwined, with the United States being the largest economy in the world.

South American Regions of the World

South America is a continent that consists of 12 countries, including Brazil, Argentina, and Colombia. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Caribbean Sea to the north. The region has a wide range of geographical features, including the Andes Mountains, the Amazon Rainforest, and the Patagonian Desert.

The history of South America is characterized by indigenous civilizations, European colonization, and a struggle for independence. The continent is home to a diverse range of languages and cultures, with Spanish, Portuguese, and Quechua being the most commonly spoken. The economies of the region vary widely, with Brazil being the largest economy and Venezuela currently facing significant economic challenges.

European Regions of the World

Europe is a continent that consists of 44 countries, including France, Germany, and Italy. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The region has a diverse range of geographical features, including the Alps, the Danube River, and the Norwegian Fjords.

The history of Europe spans thousands of years, from ancient Greece and Rome to the medieval period and the Renaissance. Europe has a rich cultural heritage, with a wide range of languages spoken, including English, French, German, and Spanish. The economies of the region are diverse, with Germany being the largest economy in Europe.

Asian Regions of the World

Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent, covering one-third of the Earth’s total land area. It is home to a wide range of cultures, religions, and languages. Asia is known for its diverse landscapes, from the Himalayan mountain range to the vast deserts of the Middle East, to the lush tropical rain-forests of Southeast Asia.

African Regions of the World

Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most-populous continent, covering about 20% of the Earth’s land area. It is home to a wide variety of cultures and languages and is known for its rich history and diverse wildlife. Africa is also home to some of the world’s most iconic natural landmarks, including the Sahara Desert, the Nile River, and Mount Kilimanjaro.

Australia/Oceania Regions of the World

Australia/Oceania is a vast region that encompasses the continent of Australia, as well as a number of islands scattered throughout the Pacific Ocean. The region is home to a diverse range of cultures and languages and is known for its unique wildlife and natural landscapes, including the Great Barrier Reef and the rugged outback of the Australian interior.

Polar Regions of The World

The Polar Regions refer to the areas around the North and South Poles of the Earth. These regions are some of the most inhospitable places on the planet, with extremely cold temperatures, high winds, and limited sunlight. Despite this, they are home to a number of unique species of wildlife, including polar bears, penguins, and walruses. The Polar Regions are also of great scientific interest, as they provide insights into the Earth’s climate and geology.

  ENGLISH NAME FRENCH NAME LOCAL NAME REGION
A
  Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanestan South-Central Asia
  Albania Albanie Shqiperia Balkan Peninsula
  Algeria Algérie Al Jaza’ir Northern Africa
  American Samoa Samoa Américaines American Samoa Polynesia, Oceania
  Andorra Andorre Andorra Southern Europe
  Angola Angola Angola Central Africa
  Anguilla Anguilla Anguilla Leeward Islands, Caribbean
  Antarctica Antarctique Antarctica Antarctica
  Antigua and Barbuda Antigua-et-Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Leeward Islands, Caribbean
  Argentina Argentine Argentina Southern South America
  Armenia Arménie Hayastan Western Asia
  Aruba Aruba Aruba Leeward Islands, Caribbean
  Australia Australie Australia Australia/Oceania
  Austria Autriche Österreich Western Europe
  Azerbaijan Azerbaïdjan Azarbaycan Caucasus, Western Asia
 
B
  Bahamas Bahamas Bahamas Caribbean
  Bahrain Bahreïn Al Bahrayn Arabian Peninsula, Middle East
  Bangladesh Bangladesh Bangladesh South-Central Asia
  Barbados Barbade Barbados Lesser Antilles, Caribbean
  Belarus Bélarus Byelarus Eastern Europe
  Belgium Belgique Belgique, Belgie Western Europe
  Belize Belize Belize Central America
  Benin Bénin Benin West Africa
  Bermuda Bermudes Bermuda North America
  Bhutan Bhoutan Bhutan South-Central Asia
  Bolivia Bolivie Bolivia Central South America
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnie-Herzégovine Bosna i Hercegovina Southern Europe
  Botswana Botswana Botswana Southern Africa
  Brazil Brésil Brasil Central Eastern South America
  Brunei Darussalam Brunéi Darussalam Negara Brunei Darussalam Southeast Asia
  Bulgaria Bulgarie Bulgaria Balkan, Eastern Europe
  Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Burkina Faso West Africa
  Burundi Burundi Burundi Eastern Africa, African Great Lakes
 
C
  Cambodia Cambodge Kampuchea South-East Asia
  Cameroon Cameroun Cameroon, Cameroun Central Africa
  Canada Canada Canada North North America
  Cape Verde Cap-Vert Cabo Verde West Africa
  Cayman Islands Îles Caïmans Cayman Islands Greater Antilles, Caribbean
  Central African Republic Centrafricaine, République Republique Centrafricaine Central Africa
  Chad Tchad Tchad Central Africa
  Chile Chili Chile Western South America
  China Chine Zhong Guo Eastern Asia
  Christmas Island Île Christmas Christmas Island Southeast Asia
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands Îles Cocos (Keeling) Cocos (Keeling) Islands South-East Asia, Australia
  Colombia Colombie Colombia North West South America
  Comoros Comores Komori Eastern Africa
  Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) Congo, La République Démocratique du République Démocratique du Congo Central Africa
  Congo, Republic of (Brazzaville) République du Congo République du Congo Central Africa
  Cook Islands Îles Cook Kūki ‘Āirani Polynesia, Oceania
  Costa Rica Costa Rica Costa Rica Central America
  Côte D’ivoire (Ivory Coast) Côte D’ivoire Cote d’Ivoire West Africa
  Croatia Croatie Hrvatska Balkan Peninsula, Southern Europe
  Cuba Cuba Cuba Greater Antilles, Caribbean
  Cyprus Chypre Kibris, Kypros Mediterranean, Western Asia
  Czech Republic République Tchèque Ceska Republika Eastern Europe
D
  Denmark Danemark Danmark Northern Europe
  Djibouti Djibouti Jabuuti, Gabuuti Eastern Africa
  Dominica Dominique Dominica (Ouaitocoubouli) Lesser Antilles, Caribbean
  Dominican Republic Dominicaine, République República Dominicana Greater Antilles, Caribbean
 
E
  East Timor (Timor-Leste) Timor-Leste (Timor Oriental) Timór Loro Sa’e South-East Asia
  Ecuador Équateur Ecuador North West South America
  Egypt Égypte Misr Africa, Middle East
  El Salvador El Salvador El Salvador Central America
  Equatorial Guinea Guinée Équatoriale Guinea Ecuatorial Central Africa
  Eritrea Érythrée Hagärä Ertra, Tigrinya Eastern Africa
  Estonia Estonie Eesti Vabariik Northern Europe
  Ethiopia Éthiopie Ityop’iya Eastern Africa
 
F
  Falkland Islands Falkland, Îles (Malvinas) Islas Malvinas Southern South America
  Faroe Islands Îles Féroé Føroyar Northern Europe
  Fiji Fidji Matanitu ko Viti Melanesia, Oceania
  Finland Finlande Suomi Northern Europe
  France France France Western Europe
  French Guiana Guyane Française Guyane Northern South America
  French Polynesia Polynésie Française Polynésie Française Polynesia, Oceania
  French Southern Territories Terres Australes Françaises Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises Southern Indian Ocean
 
G
  Gabon Gabon Gabon Central Africa
  The Gambia Gambie The Gambia West Africa
  Georgia Géorgie Sakartvelo Caucasus
  Germany Allemagne Deutschland Western Europe
  Ghana Ghana Ghana West Africa
  Gibraltar Gibraltar Gibraltar Southern Europe
  Greece Grèce Ellas or Ellada Southern Europe
  Greenland Groenland Kalaallit Nunaat North America
  Grenada Grenade Grenada Lesser Antilles, Caribbean
  Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Guadeloupe (Gwadloup) Lesser Antilles, Caribbean
  Guam Guam Guåhan Micronesia, Oceania
  Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala Central America
  Guinea Guinée Guinée West Africa
  Guinea-Bissau Guinée-Bissau Guiné-Bissau West Africa
  Guyana Guyana Guyana North Eastern South America
 
H
   
  Haiti Haïti Haiti Greater Antilles, Caribbean
  Holy See Saint-Siège (État de la Cité du Vatican) Status Civitatis Vaticanæ Southern Europe within Italy
  Honduras Honduras Honduras Central America
  Hong Kong Hong-Kong Xianggang Eastern Asia
  Hungary Hongrie Magyarorszag Eastern Europe
 
I
  Iceland Islande Ísland Northern Europe
  India Inde Bhārat South-Central Asia
  Indonesia Indonésie Indonesia Maritime South-East Asia
  Iran (Islamic Republic of) République Islamique d’ Iran Īrān South-Central Asia
  Iraq Iraq al-ʿIrāq Middle East, Western Asia
  Ireland Irlande Éire Northern Europe
  Israel Israël Jisra’el Middle East, Western Asia
  Italy Italie Italia Southern Europe
  Ivory Coast Côte D’ivoire Cote d’Ivoire West Africa
J
  Jamaica Jamaïque Jamaica Greater Antilles, Caribbean
  Japan Japon Nihon or Nippon Eastern Asia
  Jordan Jordanie al-Urdunn Middle East, Western Asia
 
K
  Kazakhstan Kazakstan Qazaqstan Central Asia
  Kenya Kenya Kenya Eastern Africa
  Kiribati Kiribati Ribaberiki Kiribati Micronesia, Oceania
  Korea, Democratic People’s Rep. (North Korea) Corée, République Populaire Démocratique de (Corée du Nord) Chosŏn Eastern Asia
  Korea, Republic of (South Korea) Corée, République de (Corée du Sud) Hanguk or Namhan Eastern Asia
  Kosovo Kosovo Albanian: : Kosova ou Kosovë,
Serbian: Kosovo, Косово
Southern Europe
  Kuwait Koweït Al Kuwayt Middle East, Western Asia
  Kyrgyzstan Kirghizistan Kyrgysstan Central Asia
 
L
  Lao, People’s Democratic Republic Lao, République Démocratique Populaire Lao South-East Asia
  Latvia Lettonie Latvija Northern Europe
  Lebanon Liban Lubnan Middle East, Western Asia
  Lesotho Lesotho Lesotho Southern Africa
  Liberia Libéria Liberia West Africa
  Libya Libye Libiyah Northern Africa
  Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Western Europe
  Lithuania Lituanie Lietuva Northern Europe
  Luxembourg Luxembourg Luxembourg, Letzebuerg Western Europe
 
M
  Macau Macao Aomen Eastern Asia
  Madagascar Madagascar Madagasikara Eastern Africa
  Malawi Malawi Malaŵi Eastern Africa
  Malaysia Malaisie Malaysia Southeast Asia
  Maldives Maldives Dhivehi Raajje South-Central Asia
  Mali Mali Mali West Africa
  Malta Malte Malta Southern Europe
  Marshall Islands Îles Marshall Aolepān Aorōkin Ṃajeḷ Micronesia, Oceania
  Martinique Martinique Martinique Lesser Antilles, Caribbean
  Mauritania Mauritanie Muritaniyah West Africa
  Mauritius Île Maurice Mauritius Eastern Africa
  Mayotte Mayotte Mayotte Eastern Africa
  Mexico Mexique Estados Unidos Mexicanos North America
  Micronesia, Federal States of États Fédérés de Micronésie Micronesia Micronesia, Oceania
  Moldova, Republic of Moldova, République de Moldova Eastern Europe
  Monaco Monaco Monaco Southern Europe
  Mongolia Mongolie Mongol Uls Eastern Asia
  Montenegro Monténégro Crna Gora Southern Europe
  Montserrat Montserrat Montserrat Lesser Antilles, Caribbean
  Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Northern Africa
  Mozambique Mozambique Mocambique Eastern Africa
  Myanmar, Burma Myanmar, Birmanie Myăma Southeast Asia
N
  Namibia Namibie Namibia Southern Africa
  Nauru Nauru Nauru Micronesia, Oceania
  Nepal Népal Nepal South-Central Asia
  Netherlands Pays-Bas Nederland/Holland Western Europe
  Netherlands Antilles Antilles Néerlandaises Nederlandse Antillen Caribbean
  New Caledonia Nouvelle-Calédonie Nouvelle-Calédonie Melanesia, Oceania
  New Zealand Nouvelle-Zélande Aotearoa Oceania; Australia
  Nicaragua Nicaragua Nicaragua Central America
  Niger Niger Niger West Africa
  Nigeria Nigéria Nigeria West Africa
  Niue Nioué Niue Polynesia, Oceania
  North Macedonia Macédoine du Nord Severna Makedonija Balkan Peninsula, Southern Europe
  Northern Mariana Islands Îles Mariannes du Nord Northern Mariana Islands Micronesia, Oceania
  Norway Norvège Norge, Noreg Northern Europe
 
O
  Oman Oman Saltanat Uman Middle East
 
P
  Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan South-Central Asia
  Palau Palaos Belau Micronesia, Oceania
  Palestinian territories Autorité Nationale Palestinienne Filastin Middle East, Western Asia
  Panama Panama Panama Central America
  Papua New Guinea Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée Papua Niu Gini Maritime Southeast Asia, Melanesia, Oceania
  Paraguay Paraguay Paraguay Central South America
  Peru Pérou Peru Western South America
  Philippines Philippines Pilipinas Southeast Asia
  Pitcairn Island Pitcairn Pitcairn Island Polynesia, Oceania
  Poland Pologne Polska Eastern Europe
  Portugal Portugal Portugal Southern Europe
  Puerto Rico Porto Rico Puerto Rico Greater Antilles, Caribbean
 
 
Q
  Qatar Qatar Dawlat Qatar Arabian Peninsula, Middle East
 
R
  Reunion Island Ile de la Réunion Ile de la Réunion Eastern Africa
  Romania Roumanie Romania Eastern Europe
  Russian Federation Russie, Fédération de Rossiya Eastern Europe – Northern Asia
  Rwanda Rwanda Rwanda Eastern Africa, African Great Lakes
 
S
  Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint-Kitts-et-Nevis   Lesser Antilles, Caribbean
  Saint Lucia Sainte-Lucie Saint Lucia Lesser Antilles, Caribbean
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint-Vincent-et-les Grenadines   Lesser Antilles, Caribbean
  Samoa Samoa Samoa Polynesia, Oceania
  San Marino Saint-Marin San Marino Southern Europe within Italy
  Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tomé-et-Principe São Tomé e Príncipe Central Africa
  Saudi Arabia Arabie Saoudite Al Arabiyah as Suudiyah Arabian Peninsula, Middle East
  Senegal Sénégal Senegal West Africa
  Serbia Serbie Srbija Southern Europe
  Seychelles Seychelles Seychelles Eastern Africa
  Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Sierra Leone West Africa
  Singapore Singapour Singapore Southeast Asia
  Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovaquie Slovensko Eastern Europe
  Slovenia Slovénie Slovenija Southern Europe
  Solomon Islands Salomon, Îles Solomon Islands Melanesia, Oceania
  Somalia Somalie Soomaaliya Eastern Africa
  South Africa Afrique du Sud South Africa, Afrika-Borwa, Suid-Afrika, Southern Africa
  South Sudan Soudan du Sud South Sudan East-Central Africa
  Spain Espagne España Southern Europe
  Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka South-Central Asia
  Sudan Soudan As-Sudan Northern Africa
  Suriname Suriname Suriname North-Eastern South America
  Swaziland (Eswatini) Swaziland Eswatini Southern Africa
  Sweden Suède Sverige Northern Europe
  Switzerland Suisse Schweiz (German), Suisse (French), Svizzera (Italian) Western Europe
  Syria, Syrian Arab Republic Syrienne, République Arabe Suriyah Middle East, Western Asia
 
T
  Taiwan (Republic of China) Taïwan, Province de Chine T’ai-wan Eastern Asia
  Tajikistan Tadjikistan Tojikiston Central Asia
  Tanzania; officially the United Republic of Tanzania Tanzanie, République-Unie de Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Eastern Africa
  Thailand Thaïlande Prathet Thai South-East Asia
  Tibet Tibet Bod South-Central Asia
  Timor-Leste (East Timor) Timor-Leste (Timor Oriental) Timór Loro Sa’e Maritime South-East Asia
  Togo Togo Republique Togolaise West Africa
  Tokelau Tokelau Tokelau Oceania/Australia
  Tonga Tonga Tonga Polynesia, Oceania
  Trinidad and Tobago Trinité-et-Tobago Trinidad, Tobago Northern South America, Caribbean
  Tunisia Tunisie Tunis Northern Africa
  Turkey Turquie Turkiye Southeastern Europe, Western Asia
  Turkmenistan Turkménistan Turkmenistan Central Asia
  Turks and Caicos Islands Turks et Caïques, Îles Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean, parts of the Bahamas island chain.
  Tuvalu Tuvalu Tuvalu Polynesia, Oceania
 
U
  Uganda Ouganda Uganda Eastern Africa
  Ukraine Ukraine Ukrayina Eastern Europe
  United Arab Emirates Émirats Arabes Unis Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah Arabian Peninsula, Middle East
  United Kingdom Royaume-Uni United Kingdom Northern Europe
  United States États-Unis United States North America
  Uruguay Uruguay Republica Oriental del Uruguay Central East South America
  Uzbekistan Ouzbékistan Uzbekiston Respublikasi Central Asia
 
V
  Vanuatu Vanuatu Vanuatu Melanesia, Oceania
  Vatican City State (Holy See) Saint-Siège (État de la Cité du Vatican) Status Civitatis Vaticanæ Southern Europe within Italy
  Venezuela Venezuela Venezuela Northern South America
  Vietnam Viêt Nam Việt Nam South-East Asia
  Virgin Islands (British) Îles Vierges Britanniques   Lesser Antilles, Caribbean
  Virgin Islands (U.S.) Îles Vierges des États-Unis Virgin Islands Lesser Antilles, Caribbean
 
W
  Wallis and Futuna Islands Wallis et Futuna Wallis et Futuna Polynesia, Oceania
  Western Sahara Sahara Occidental Aṣ-Ṣaḥrā’ al-Gharbīyah Northern Africa
 
Y
  Yemen Yémen Al Yaman Arabian Peninsula, Middle East
 
Z
  Zambia Zambie Zambia Eastern Africa
  Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Eastern Africa

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