Egypt Demographics 2023

Egypt Demographic 2023

Egypt Population Yearly Change Global Share Global Rank

Fertility in Egypt

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

TOTAL FERTILIY RATE (TFR) 3.3 (Live Births per Woman, 2020) 

Life Expectancy in Egypt

72.5 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
75.0 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
70.2 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Egypt

(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
(per 1,000 live births)

Egypt Urban Population

Currently, 43.1 % of the population of Egypt is urban (43,229,498 people in 2019)


Population Density

The 2019 population density in Egypt is 101 people per Km2 (261 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 995,450 Km2 (384,345 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Egypt

1 Cairo 7,734,614
2 Alexandria 3,811,516
3 Giza 2,443,203
4 Port Said 538,378
5 Suez 488,125
6 Al Mahallah al Kubra 431,052
7 Luxor 422,407
8 Asyut 420,585
9 Al Mansurah 420,195
10 Tanda 404,901
11 Al Fayyum 306,393
12 Zagazig 285,097
13 Ismailia 284,813
14 Kafr ad Dawwar 267,370
15 Aswan 241,261
16 Qina 235,362
17 Halwan 230,000
18 Damanhur 227,943
19 Al Minya 227,150
20 Idku 210,678
21 Sohag 209,419


Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called “Age-Sex Pyramid”) is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.


  • Expansive – pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. 


  • Constrictive – pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). 


  • Stationary – with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.


Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as “working age” may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the “dependent” population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.

See also

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