List of Countries and Regions of the World from A-Z

List of Countries and Regions of The World From A-Z

As our world grows more connected and globalized, it is essential to have a solid understanding of the different countries and regions that make up our planet. From the vast expanses of Asia to the small island nations of the Caribbean, each area of the world has its unique characteristics, cultures, and histories.

we will explore the various countries and regions of the world, delving into their defining features, languages, and economies.

FAQs About the World

  1. How many countries are there in the world?
  • There are 195 countries in the world today, including 193 member states of the United Nations and two observer states.
  1. What is the most populated country in the world?
  • China is the most populous country in the world, with a population of over 1.4 billion people.
  1. What is the largest country in the world?
  • Russia is the largest country in the world, with a total area of 17,098,242 square kilometers.
  1. What is the official language of Brazil?
  • The official language of Brazil is Portuguese.
  1. What is the currency of Japan?
  • The currency of Japan is the Japanese yen (JPY).

World Regions: Geographies, Histories, Cultures and Economies

North American Regions of the World

North America is a continent that consists of three countries: Canada, the United States, and Mexico. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. The region has a wide range of geographic features, including the Rocky Mountains, the Great Plains, and the Appalachian Mountains.

The history of North America is rich and varied, from the indigenous peoples who have lived on the continent for thousands of years to the arrival of European explorers and settlers in the 16th century. Today, North America is home to diverse cultures and languages, with English, Spanish, and French being the most commonly spoken. The economies of the three countries are closely intertwined, with the United States being the largest economy in the world.

South American Regions of the World

South America is a continent that consists of 12 countries, including Brazil, Argentina, and Colombia. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Caribbean Sea to the north. The region has a wide range of geographical features, including the Andes Mountains, the Amazon Rainforest, and the Patagonian Desert.

The history of South America is characterized by indigenous civilizations, European colonization, and a struggle for independence. The continent is home to a diverse range of languages and cultures, with Spanish, Portuguese, and Quechua being the most commonly spoken. The economies of the region vary widely, with Brazil being the largest economy and Venezuela currently facing significant economic challenges.

European Regions of the World

Europe is a continent that consists of 44 countries, including France, Germany, and Italy. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The region has a diverse range of geographical features, including the Alps, the Danube River, and the Norwegian Fjords.

The history of Europe spans thousands of years, from ancient Greece and Rome to the medieval period and the Renaissance. Europe has a rich cultural heritage, with a wide range of languages spoken, including English, French, German, and Spanish. The economies of the region are diverse, with Germany being the largest economy in Europe.

Asian Regions of the World

Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent, covering one-third of the Earth’s total land area. It is home to a wide range of cultures, religions, and languages. Asia is known for its diverse landscapes, from the Himalayan mountain range to the vast deserts of the Middle East, to the lush tropical rain-forests of Southeast Asia.

African Regions of the World

Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most-populous continent, covering about 20% of the Earth’s land area. It is home to a wide variety of cultures and languages and is known for its rich history and diverse wildlife. Africa is also home to some of the world’s most iconic natural landmarks, including the Sahara Desert, the Nile River, and Mount Kilimanjaro.

Australia/Oceania Regions of the World

Australia/Oceania is a vast region that encompasses the continent of Australia, as well as a number of islands scattered throughout the Pacific Ocean. The region is home to a diverse range of cultures and languages and is known for its unique wildlife and natural landscapes, including the Great Barrier Reef and the rugged outback of the Australian interior.

Polar Regions of The World

The Polar Regions refer to the areas around the North and South Poles of the Earth. These regions are some of the most inhospitable places on the planet, with extremely cold temperatures, high winds, and limited sunlight. Despite this, they are home to a number of unique species of wildlife, including polar bears, penguins, and walruses. The Polar Regions are also of great scientific interest, as they provide insights into the Earth’s climate and geology.

 

ENGLISH NAME

FRENCH NAME

LOCAL NAME

REGION

A

 

Afghanistan

Afghanistan

Afghanestan

South-Central Asia

 

Albania

Albanie

Shqiperia

Balkan Peninsula

 

Algeria

Algérie

Al Jaza’ir

Northern Africa

 

American Samoa

Samoa Américaines

American Samoa

Polynesia, Oceania

 

Andorra

Andorre

Andorra

Southern Europe

 

Angola

Angola

Angola

Central Africa

 

Anguilla

Anguilla

Anguilla

Leeward Islands, Caribbean

 

Antarctica

Antarctique

Antarctica

Antarctica

 

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua-et-Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda

Leeward Islands, Caribbean

 

Argentina

Argentine

Argentina

Southern South America

 

Armenia

Arménie

Hayastan

Western Asia

 

Aruba

Aruba

Aruba

Leeward Islands, Caribbean

 

Australia

Australie

Australia

Australia/Oceania

 

Austria

Autriche

Österreich

Western Europe

 

Azerbaijan

Azerbaïdjan

Azarbaycan

Caucasus, Western Asia

 

B

 

Bahamas

Bahamas

Bahamas

Caribbean

 

Bahrain

Bahreïn

Al Bahrayn

Arabian Peninsula, Middle East

 

Bangladesh

Bangladesh

Bangladesh

South-Central Asia

 

Barbados

Barbade

Barbados

Lesser Antilles, Caribbean

 

Belarus

Bélarus

Byelarus

Eastern Europe

 

Belgium

Belgique

Belgique, Belgie

Western Europe

 

Belize

Belize

Belize

Central America

 

Benin

Bénin

Benin

West Africa

 

Bermuda

Bermudes

Bermuda

North America

 

Bhutan

Bhoutan

Bhutan

South-Central Asia

 

Bolivia

Bolivie

Bolivia

Central South America

 

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnie-Herzégovine

Bosna i Hercegovina

Southern Europe

 

Botswana

Botswana

Botswana

Southern Africa

 

Brazil

Brésil

Brasil

Central Eastern South America

 

Brunei Darussalam

Brunéi Darussalam

Negara Brunei Darussalam

Southeast Asia

 

Bulgaria

Bulgarie

Bulgaria

Balkan, Eastern Europe

 

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

West Africa

 

Burundi

Burundi

Burundi

Eastern Africa, African Great Lakes

 

C

 

Cambodia

Cambodge

Kampuchea

South-East Asia

 

Cameroon

Cameroun

Cameroon, Cameroun

Central Africa

 

Canada

Canada

Canada

North North America

 

Cape Verde

Cap-Vert

Cabo Verde

West Africa

 

Cayman Islands

Îles Caïmans

Cayman Islands

Greater Antilles, Caribbean

 

Central African Republic

Centrafricaine, République

Republique Centrafricaine

Central Africa

 

Chad

Tchad

Tchad

Central Africa

 

Chile

Chili

Chile

Western South America

 

China

Chine

Zhong Guo

Eastern Asia

 

Christmas Island

Île Christmas

Christmas Island

Southeast Asia

 

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Îles Cocos (Keeling)

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

South-East Asia, Australia

 

Colombia

Colombie

Colombia

North West South America

 

Comoros

Comores

Komori

Eastern Africa

 

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa)

Congo, La République Démocratique du

République Démocratique du Congo

Central Africa

 

Congo, Republic of (Brazzaville)

République du Congo

République du Congo

Central Africa

 

Cook Islands

Îles Cook

Kūki ‘Āirani

Polynesia, Oceania

 

Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Central America

 

Côte D’ivoire (Ivory Coast)

Côte D’ivoire

Cote d’Ivoire

West Africa

 

Croatia

Croatie

Hrvatska

Balkan Peninsula, Southern Europe

 

Cuba

Cuba

Cuba

Greater Antilles, Caribbean

 

Cyprus

Chypre

Kibris, Kypros

Mediterranean, Western Asia

 

Czech Republic

République Tchèque

Ceska Republika

Eastern Europe

D

 

Denmark

Danemark

Danmark

Northern Europe

 

Djibouti

Djibouti

Jabuuti, Gabuuti

Eastern Africa

 

Dominica

Dominique

Dominica (Ouaitocoubouli)

Lesser Antilles, Caribbean

 

Dominican Republic

Dominicaine, République

República Dominicana

Greater Antilles, Caribbean

 

E

 

East Timor (Timor-Leste)

Timor-Leste (Timor Oriental)

Timór Loro Sa’e

South-East Asia

 

Ecuador

Équateur

Ecuador

North West South America

 

Egypt

Égypte

Misr

Africa, Middle East

 

El Salvador

El Salvador

El Salvador

Central America

 

Equatorial Guinea

Guinée Équatoriale

Guinea Ecuatorial

Central Africa

 

Eritrea

Érythrée

Hagärä Ertra, Tigrinya

Eastern Africa

 

Estonia

Estonie

Eesti Vabariik

Northern Europe

 

Ethiopia

Éthiopie

Ityop’iya

Eastern Africa

 

F

 

Falkland Islands

Falkland, Îles (Malvinas)

Islas Malvinas

Southern South America

 

Faroe Islands

Îles Féroé

Føroyar

Northern Europe

 

Fiji

Fidji

Matanitu ko Viti

Melanesia, Oceania

 

Finland

Finlande

Suomi

Northern Europe

 

France

France

France

Western Europe

 

French Guiana

Guyane Française

Guyane

Northern South America

 

French Polynesia

Polynésie Française

Polynésie Française

Polynesia, Oceania

 

French Southern Territories

Terres Australes Françaises

Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises

Southern Indian Ocean

 

G

 

Gabon

Gabon

Gabon

Central Africa

 

The Gambia

Gambie

The Gambia

West Africa

 

Georgia

Géorgie

Sakartvelo

Caucasus

 

Germany

Allemagne

Deutschland

Western Europe

 

Ghana

Ghana

Ghana

West Africa

 

Gibraltar

Gibraltar

Gibraltar

Southern Europe

 

Greece

Grèce

Ellas or Ellada

Southern Europe

 

Greenland

Groenland

Kalaallit Nunaat

North America

 

Grenada

Grenade

Grenada

Lesser Antilles, Caribbean

 

Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe (Gwadloup)

Lesser Antilles, Caribbean

 

Guam

Guam

Guåhan

Micronesia, Oceania

 

Guatemala

Guatemala

Guatemala

Central America

 

Guinea

Guinée

Guinée

West Africa

 

Guinea-Bissau

Guinée-Bissau

Guiné-Bissau

West Africa

 

Guyana

Guyana

Guyana

North Eastern South America

 

H

   
 

Haiti

Haïti

Haiti

Greater Antilles, Caribbean

 

Holy See

Saint-Siège (État de la Cité du Vatican)

Status Civitatis Vaticanæ

Southern Europe within Italy

 

Honduras

Honduras

Honduras

Central America

 

Hong Kong

Hong-Kong

Xianggang

Eastern Asia

 

Hungary

Hongrie

Magyarorszag

Eastern Europe

 

I

 

Iceland

Islande

Ísland

Northern Europe

 

India

Inde

Bhārat

South-Central Asia

 

Indonesia

Indonésie

Indonesia

Maritime South-East Asia

 

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

République Islamique d’ Iran

Īrān

South-Central Asia

 

Iraq

Iraq

al-ʿIrāq

Middle East, Western Asia

 

Ireland

Irlande

Éire

Northern Europe

 

Israel

Israël

Jisra’el

Middle East, Western Asia

 

Italy

Italie

Italia

Southern Europe

 

Ivory Coast

Côte D’ivoire

Cote d’Ivoire

West Africa

J

 

Jamaica

Jamaïque

Jamaica

Greater Antilles, Caribbean

 

Japan

Japon

Nihon or Nippon

Eastern Asia

 

Jordan

Jordanie

al-Urdunn

Middle East, Western Asia

 

K

 

Kazakhstan

Kazakstan

Qazaqstan

Central Asia

 

Kenya

Kenya

Kenya

Eastern Africa

 

Kiribati

Kiribati

Ribaberiki Kiribati

Micronesia, Oceania

 

Korea, Democratic People’s Rep. (North Korea)

Corée, République Populaire Démocratique de (Corée du Nord)

Chosŏn

Eastern Asia

 

Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Corée, République de (Corée du Sud)

Hanguk or Namhan

Eastern Asia

 

Kosovo

Kosovo

Albanian: : Kosova ou Kosovë,
Serbian: Kosovo, Косово

Southern Europe

 

Kuwait

Koweït

Al Kuwayt

Middle East, Western Asia

 

Kyrgyzstan

Kirghizistan

Kyrgysstan

Central Asia

 

L

 

Lao, People’s Democratic Republic

Lao, République Démocratique Populaire

Lao

South-East Asia

 

Latvia

Lettonie

Latvija

Northern Europe

 

Lebanon

Liban

Lubnan

Middle East, Western Asia

 

Lesotho

Lesotho

Lesotho

Southern Africa

 

Liberia

Libéria

Liberia

West Africa

 

Libya

Libye

Libiyah

Northern Africa

 

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

Western Europe

 

Lithuania

Lituanie

Lietuva

Northern Europe

 

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Luxembourg, Letzebuerg

Western Europe

 

M

 

Macau

Macao

Aomen

Eastern Asia

 

Madagascar

Madagascar

Madagasikara

Eastern Africa

 

Malawi

Malawi

Malaŵi

Eastern Africa

 

Malaysia

Malaisie

Malaysia

Southeast Asia

 

Maldives

Maldives

Dhivehi Raajje

South-Central Asia

 

Mali

Mali

Mali

West Africa

 

Malta

Malte

Malta

Southern Europe

 

Marshall Islands

Îles Marshall

Aolepān Aorōkin Ṃajeḷ

Micronesia, Oceania

 

Martinique

Martinique

Martinique

Lesser Antilles, Caribbean

 

Mauritania

Mauritanie

Muritaniyah

West Africa

 

Mauritius

Île Maurice

Mauritius

Eastern Africa

 

Mayotte

Mayotte

Mayotte

Eastern Africa

 

Mexico

Mexique

Estados Unidos Mexicanos

North America

 

Micronesia, Federal States of

États Fédérés de Micronésie

Micronesia

Micronesia, Oceania

 

Moldova, Republic of

Moldova, République de

Moldova

Eastern Europe

 

Monaco

Monaco

Monaco

Southern Europe

 

Mongolia

Mongolie

Mongol Uls

Eastern Asia

 

Montenegro

Monténégro

Crna Gora

Southern Europe

 

Montserrat

Montserrat

Montserrat

Lesser Antilles, Caribbean

 

Morocco

Maroc

Al Maghrib

Northern Africa

 

Mozambique

Mozambique

Mocambique

Eastern Africa

 

Myanmar, Burma

Myanmar, Birmanie

Myăma

Southeast Asia

N

 

Namibia

Namibie

Namibia

Southern Africa

 

Nauru

Nauru

Nauru

Micronesia, Oceania

 

Nepal

Népal

Nepal

South-Central Asia

 

Netherlands

Pays-Bas

Nederland/Holland

Western Europe

 

Netherlands Antilles

Antilles Néerlandaises

Nederlandse Antillen

Caribbean

 

New Caledonia

Nouvelle-Calédonie

Nouvelle-Calédonie

Melanesia, Oceania

 

New Zealand

Nouvelle-Zélande

Aotearoa

Oceania; Australia

 

Nicaragua

Nicaragua

Nicaragua

Central America

 

Niger

Niger

Niger

West Africa

 

Nigeria

Nigéria

Nigeria

West Africa

 

Niue

Nioué

Niue

Polynesia, Oceania

 

North Macedonia

Macédoine du Nord

Severna Makedonija

Balkan Peninsula, Southern Europe

 

Northern Mariana Islands

Îles Mariannes du Nord

Northern Mariana Islands

Micronesia, Oceania

 

Norway

Norvège

Norge, Noreg

Northern Europe

 

O

 

Oman

Oman

Saltanat Uman

Middle East

 

P

 

Pakistan

Pakistan

Pakistan

South-Central Asia

 

Palau

Palaos

Belau

Micronesia, Oceania

 

Palestinian territories

Autorité Nationale Palestinienne

Filastin

Middle East, Western Asia

 

Panama

Panama

Panama

Central America

 

Papua New Guinea

Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée

Papua Niu Gini

Maritime Southeast Asia, Melanesia, Oceania

 

Paraguay

Paraguay

Paraguay

Central South America

 

Peru

Pérou

Peru

Western South America

 

Philippines

Philippines

Pilipinas

Southeast Asia

 

Pitcairn Island

Pitcairn

Pitcairn Island

Polynesia, Oceania

 

Poland

Pologne

Polska

Eastern Europe

 

Portugal

Portugal

Portugal

Southern Europe

 

Puerto Rico

Porto Rico

Puerto Rico

Greater Antilles, Caribbean

 
 

Q

 

Qatar

Qatar

Dawlat Qatar

Arabian Peninsula, Middle East

 

R

 

Reunion Island

Ile de la Réunion

Ile de la Réunion

Eastern Africa

 

Romania

Roumanie

Romania

Eastern Europe

 

Russian Federation

Russie, Fédération de

Rossiya

Eastern Europe – Northern Asia

 

Rwanda

Rwanda

Rwanda

Eastern Africa, African Great Lakes

 

S

 

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint-Kitts-et-Nevis

 

Lesser Antilles, Caribbean

 

Saint Lucia

Sainte-Lucie

Saint Lucia

Lesser Antilles, Caribbean

 

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saint-Vincent-et-les Grenadines

 

Lesser Antilles, Caribbean

 

Samoa

Samoa

Samoa

Polynesia, Oceania

 

San Marino

Saint-Marin

San Marino

Southern Europe within Italy

 

Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tomé-et-Principe

São Tomé e Príncipe

Central Africa

 

Saudi Arabia

Arabie Saoudite

Al Arabiyah as Suudiyah

Arabian Peninsula, Middle East

 

Senegal

Sénégal

Senegal

West Africa

 

Serbia

Serbie

Srbija

Southern Europe

 

Seychelles

Seychelles

Seychelles

Eastern Africa

 

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

West Africa

 

Singapore

Singapour

Singapore

Southeast Asia

 

Slovakia (Slovak Republic)

Slovaquie

Slovensko

Eastern Europe

 

Slovenia

Slovénie

Slovenija

Southern Europe

 

Solomon Islands

Salomon, Îles

Solomon Islands

Melanesia, Oceania

 

Somalia

Somalie

Soomaaliya

Eastern Africa

 

South Africa

Afrique du Sud

South Africa, Afrika-Borwa, Suid-Afrika,

Southern Africa

 

South Sudan

Soudan du Sud

South Sudan

East-Central Africa

 

Spain

Espagne

España

Southern Europe

 

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

South-Central Asia

 

Sudan

Soudan

As-Sudan

Northern Africa

 

Suriname

Suriname

Suriname

North-Eastern South America

 

Swaziland (Eswatini)

Swaziland

Eswatini

Southern Africa

 

Sweden

Suède

Sverige

Northern Europe

 

Switzerland

Suisse

Schweiz (German), Suisse (French), Svizzera (Italian)

Western Europe

 

Syria, Syrian Arab Republic

Syrienne, République Arabe

Suriyah

Middle East, Western Asia

 

T

 

Taiwan (Republic of China)

Taïwan, Province de Chine

T’ai-wan

Eastern Asia

 

Tajikistan

Tadjikistan

Tojikiston

Central Asia

 

Tanzania; officially the United Republic of Tanzania

Tanzanie, République-Unie de

Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

Eastern Africa

 

Thailand

Thaïlande

Prathet Thai

South-East Asia

 

Tibet

Tibet

Bod

South-Central Asia

 

Timor-Leste (East Timor)

Timor-Leste (Timor Oriental)

Timór Loro Sa’e

Maritime South-East Asia

 

Togo

Togo

Republique Togolaise

West Africa

 

Tokelau

Tokelau

Tokelau

Oceania/Australia

 

Tonga

Tonga

Tonga

Polynesia, Oceania

 

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinité-et-Tobago

Trinidad, Tobago

Northern South America, Caribbean

 

Tunisia

Tunisie

Tunis

Northern Africa

 

Turkey

Turquie

Turkiye

Southeastern Europe, Western Asia

 

Turkmenistan

Turkménistan

Turkmenistan

Central Asia

 

Turks and Caicos Islands

Turks et Caïques, Îles

Turks and Caicos Islands

Caribbean, parts of the Bahamas island chain.

 

Tuvalu

Tuvalu

Tuvalu

Polynesia, Oceania

 

U

 

Uganda

Ouganda

Uganda

Eastern Africa

 

Ukraine

Ukraine

Ukrayina

Eastern Europe

 

United Arab Emirates

Émirats Arabes Unis

Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah

Arabian Peninsula, Middle East

 

United Kingdom

Royaume-Uni

United Kingdom

Northern Europe

 

United States

États-Unis

United States

North America

 

Uruguay

Uruguay

Republica Oriental del Uruguay

Central East South America

 

Uzbekistan

Ouzbékistan

Uzbekiston Respublikasi

Central Asia

 

V

 

Vanuatu

Vanuatu

Vanuatu

Melanesia, Oceania

 

Vatican City State (Holy See)

Saint-Siège (État de la Cité du Vatican)

Status Civitatis Vaticanæ

Southern Europe within Italy

 

Venezuela

Venezuela

Venezuela

Northern South America

 

Vietnam

Viêt Nam

Việt Nam

South-East Asia

 

Virgin Islands (British)

Îles Vierges Britanniques

 

Lesser Antilles, Caribbean

 

Virgin Islands (U.S.)

Îles Vierges des États-Unis

Virgin Islands

Lesser Antilles, Caribbean

 

W

 

Wallis and Futuna Islands

Wallis et Futuna

Wallis et Futuna

Polynesia, Oceania

 

Western Sahara

Sahara Occidental

Aṣ-Ṣaḥrā’ al-Gharbīyah

Northern Africa

 

Y

 

Yemen

Yémen

Al Yaman

Arabian Peninsula, Middle East

 

Z

 

Zambia

Zambie

Zambia

Eastern Africa

 

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe

Eastern Africa