National Anthems of Countries and Territories Around the World

National Anthems of Countries and Territories Around the World

Most presumably, regardless of where you were raised, you were educated about the national symbols of your homeland. Among these symbols, one that is particularly significant is the national anthem. In essence, national anthems are the representation of the collective voice of a nation and often convey the shared values and pride of the country through their lyrics.

It is important to take note that most national anthems have undergone a lengthy and arduous process to achieve their current status. In reality, a lot of the songs that we currently recognize as national anthems did not originate with that particular designation. It took more than a century for the national anthem of the United States to attain its official status.

In addition to changes over time, many national anthems have undergone various alterations to their lyrics and melodies by different authors. This is understandable, given that societal values and norms are likely to evolve along with the citizens of a nation. Consequently, the national song or anthem should embody these updated values rather than solely those of the time when it was first composed. Hence, both the lyrics and melody of national anthems will evolve accordingly.

Country

National anthem

Date adopted (de jure)

Lyricist

Composer/Artist

 Afghanistan

“دا د باتورانو کور (Dā də bātorāno kor)”
(“This Is the Home of the Brave”)

2021

Government of Afghanistan

Unknown Taliban member

 Albania

“Betimi mbi Flamur”
(“The Pledge on the Flag”)

1912

Aleksandër Stavre Drenova

Ciprian Porumbescu

 Algeria

“Kassaman”
(“We Pledge”)

1962

Moufdi Zakaria

Mohamed Fawzi

 Andorra

“El gran Carlemany”
(“The Great Charlemagne”)

1914

Enric Marfany Bons

Juan Benlloch y Vivó

 Angola

“Angola Avante”
(“Onward Angola”)

1975

Manuel Rui Alves Monteiro

Rui Mingas 

 Antigua and Barbuda

“Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee”

1981

Novelle Hamilton Richards

Walter Garnet Picart Chambers

 Argentina

“Himno Nacional Argentino”
(“Argentine National Anthem”)

1813

Vicente López y Planes

Blas Parera

 Armenia

“Մեր Հայրենիք Mer Hayrenik”
(“Our Fatherland”)

1918, 1991

Mikael Nalbandian

Barsegh Kanachyan

 Australia

“Advance Australia Fair”

1984

Peter Dodds McCormick

Peter Dodds McCormick

 Austria

“Bundeshymne der Republik Österreich”
(“National Anthem of the Republic of Austria”)

1947

Paula von Preradović

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart/Johann Holzer 

 Azerbaijan

“Azərbaycan marşı”
(“Azerbaijan’s Anthem”)

1920, 1992

Ahmed Javad

Uzeyir Hajibeyov

 Bahamas

“March On, Bahamaland”

1973

Timothy Gibson

Timothy Gibson

 Bahrain

“Bahrainona”
(“Our Bahrain”)

1971

Mohamed Sudqi Ayyash

Unknown

 Bangladesh

“Amar Shonar Bangla”
(“My Golden Bengal”)

1972

Rabindranath Tagore

Samar Das

 Barbados

“In Plenty and In Time of Need”

1966

Irving Burgie

C. Van Roland Edwards

 Belarus

“My Belarusy”
(“We, the Belarusians”)

1955

Michael Klimovich

Nestar Sakalowski

 Belgium

“La Brabançonne”
(“The Brabantian”)

1830

Jenneval (Louis-Alexandre Dechet)

François Van Campenhout

 Belize

“Land of the Free”

1981

Samuel Alfred Haynes

Selwyn Walford Young

 Benin

“L’Aube Nouvelle”
(“The Dawn of a New Day”)

1960

Gilbert Jean Dagnon

Gilbert Jean Dagnon

 Bhutan

“Druk tsendhen”
(“The Thunder Dragon Kingdom”)

1953

Dasho Gyaldun Thinley

Aku Tongmi

 Bolivia

“Himno Nacional de Bolivia”
(“National Anthem of Bolivia”)

1852

José Ignacio de Sanjinés

Leopoldo Benedetto Vincenti

 Bosnia and Herzegovina

“Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine”
(“The National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina”)

1999

Awaiting official approval

Dušan Šestić

 Botswana

“Fatshe leno la rona”
(“Blessed Be This Noble Land”)

1966

Kgalemang Tumedisco Motsete

Kgalemang Tumedisco Motsete

 Brazil

“Hino Nacional Brasileiro”
(“Brazilian National Anthem”)

1831

Joaquim Osório Duque Estrada

Francisco Manuel da Silva

 Brunei

“Allah Peliharakan Sultan”
(“God Bless the Sultan”)

1951

Pengiran Haji Mohamed Yusuf bin Abdul Rahim

Besar bin Sagap

 Bulgaria

“Mila Rodino”
(“Dear Motherland”)

1964

Tsvetan Radoslavov

Tsvetan Radoslavov

 Burkina Faso

“Une Seule Nuit”
(“One Single Night”)

1984

Thomas Sankara

Thomas Sankara

 Burundi

“Burundi Bwacu”
(“Our Burundi”)

1962

Jean-Baptiste Ntahokaja and others

Marc Barengayabo

 Cambodia

“Nokor Reach”
(“Royal Kingdom”)

1941

Samdach Chuon Nat

F. Perruchot and J. Jekyll

 Cameroon

“O Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres”
(“O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers”)

1957

René Djam Afame, Samuel Minkio Bamba, Moïse Nyatte Nko’o (French),
Dr Bernard Fonlon (English)

René Djam Afame

 Canada

“Ô Canada”
(“O Canada”)

1980

Adolphe-Basile Routhier (French);
Robert Stanley Weir (English)

Calixa Lavallée

 Cape Verde

“Cântico da Liberdade”
(“Song of Freedom”)

1996

Amílcar Spencer Lopes

Adalberto Higino Tavares Silva

 Central African Republic

“La Renaissance”
(“The Rebirth”)

1960

Barthélémy Boganda

Herbert Pepper

 Chad

“La Tchadienne”
(“People of Chad”)

1960

Louis Gidrol and others

Paul Villard

 Chile

“Himno Nacional de Chile”
(“National Anthem of Chile”)

1847

Eusebio Lillo

Ramón Carnicer

 China

“Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ”
(“March of the Volunteers”)

1949 (provisional)
1982 (official)
2004 (constitutional)

Tian Han

Nie Er

 Colombia

“Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia”
(“National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia”)

1886

Rafael Núñez

Oreste Sindici

 Comoros

“Udzima wa ya Masiwa”
(“The Union of the Great Islands”)

1978

Said Hachim Sidi Abderemane

Said Hachim Sidi Abderemane and Kamildine Abdallah

 Democratic Republic of the Congo

“Debout Congolais”
(“Arise Congolese”)

1960, 1997

Joseph Lutumba

Simon-Pierre Boka di Mpasi Londi

 Republic of the Congo

“La Congolaise”
(“The Congolese”)

1959, 1991

Jacques Tondra and Georges Kibanghi

Jean Royer and Joseph Spadilière

 Costa Rica

“Himno Nacional de Costa Rica”
(“National Anthem of Costa Rica”)

1853

José María Zeledón Brenes

Manuel María Gutiérrez

 Croatia

“Lijepa naša domovino”
(“Our Beautiful Homeland”)

1972

Antun Mihanović

Josip Runjanin

 Cuba

“El Himno de Bayamo”
(“The Anthem of Bayamo”)

1902

Perucho Figueredo

Perucho Figueredo

 Cyprus

“Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían”
(“Hymn to Liberty”)

1960

Dionýsios Solomós

Nikolaos Mantzaros

 Czech Republic

“Kde domov můj”
(“Where My Home is”)

1918

Josef Kajetán Tyl

František Škroup

 Denmark

“Kong Christian stod ved højen mast”
(“King Christian stood by the lofty mast”)

1780

Johannes Ewald

Unknown

 Djibouti

“Djibouti”

1977

Aden Elmi

Abdi Robleh

 Dominica

“Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendour”

1978

Wilfred Oscar Morgan Pond

Lemuel McPherson Christian

 Dominican Republic

“Himno Nacional”
(“National Anthem”)

1934

Emilio Prud’Homme

José Rufino Reyes y Siancas

 East Timor

“Pátria”
(“Fatherland”)

1975, 2002

Francisco Borja da Costa

Afonso de Araujo

 Ecuador

“Salve, Oh Patria”
(“We Salute You, Our Homeland”)

1948

Juan León Mera

Antonio Neumane

 Egypt

“Bilady, Bilady, Bilady”
(“My Country, My Country, My Country”)

1979

Mohamed Younis Al-Qady
(adapted from a speech by
Mustafa Kamil)

Sayed Darwish

 El Salvador

“Himno Nacional de El Salvador”
(“National Anthem of El Salvador”)

1879

Juan José Cañas

Juan Aberle

 Equatorial Guinea

“Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad”
(“Let Us Tread the Path of our Immense Happiness”)

1968

Atanasio Ndongo Miyone

Ramiro Sánchez Lopes

 Eritrea

“Ertra, Ertra, Ertra”
(“Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea”)

1993

Solomon Tsehaye Beraki

Isaac Abraham Meharezghi and Aron Tekle Tesfatsion

 Estonia

“Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm”
(“My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy”)

1920, 1990

Johann Voldemar Jannsen

Fredrik Pacius

 Eswatini

“Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati”
(“O Lord our God of the Swazi”)

1968

Andrease Enoke Fanyana Simelane

David Kenneth Rycroft

 Ethiopia

“Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp’ya”
(“March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia”)

1992

Dereje Melaku Mengesha

Solomon Lulu Mitiku

 Fiji

“Meda Dau Doka”
(“God Bless Fiji”)

1970

Michael Francis Alexander Prescott

Charles Austin Miles

 Finland

Finnish: “Maamme”
Swedish: “Vårt Land”
(“Our Land”)

1917

Johan Ludvig Runeberg (Swedish)
Paavo Cajander (Finnish)

Fredrik Pacius

 France

“La Marseillaise”
(“The Marseillaise”)

1795, 1870

Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle

Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle

 Gabon

“La Concorde”
(“The Concorde”)

1960

Georges Aleka Damas

Georges Aleka Damas

 The Gambia

“For The Gambia Our Homeland”

1965

Virginia Julie Howe

Jeremy Frederick Howe

 Georgia

“თავისუფლება Tavisupleba”
(“Freedom”)

2004

David Magradze

Zakaria Paliashvili

 Germany

“Lied der Deutschen”
(“Song of the Germans”)

1922, 1952

August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben

Joseph Haydn

 Ghana

“God Bless Our Homeland Ghana”

1957

Government committee

Philip Gbeho

 Greece

“Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν/Ὕμνος πρὸς τὴν ἘλευθερίανÝmnos

eis tīn Eleutherían”
(“Hymn to Liberty” or “Hymn to Freedom”)

1865

Dionýsios Solomós

Nikolaos Mantzaros

 Grenada

“Hail Grenada”

1974

Irva Merle Baptiste

Louis Arnold Masanto

 Guatemala

“Himno Nacional de Guatemala”
(“National Anthem of Guatemala”)

1896

José Joaquín Palma

Rafael Álvarez Ovalle

 Guinea

“Liberté”
(“Freedom”)

1958

Unknown

Kodofo Moussa

 Guinea-Bissau

“Esta É a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada”
(“This Is Our Beloved Country”)

1974

Amílcar Cabral

Xiao He

 Guyana

“Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains”

1966

Archibald Leonard Luker

Robert Cyril Gladstone Potter

 Haiti

“La Dessalinienne”
(“Song of Dessalines”)

1904

Justin Lhérisson

Nicolas Geffrard

 Honduras

“Himno Nacional de Honduras”
(“National Anthem of Honduras”)

1915

Augusto Constancio Coello

Carlos Hartling

 Hungary

“Himnusz”
(“Hymn”)

1989

Ferenc Kölcsey

Ferenc Erkel

 Iceland

“Lofsöngur”
(“Hymn”)

1944

Matthías Jochumsson

Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson

 India

“Jana Gana Mana”
(“Hail the ruler of all minds”)

1950

Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore

 Indonesia

“Indonesia Raya”
(“Great Indonesia”)

1945

Wage Rudolf Soepratman

Wage Rudolf Soepratman

 Iran

“Soroud-e Melli-e Jomhouri-e Eslami-e Iran”
(“National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran”)

1990

Sayed Bagheri

Hassan Riyahi

 Iraq

“Mawtini” (“My Homeland”)

2004

Ibrahim Touqan

Mohammed Flayfel

 Ireland

“Amhrán na bhFiann”
(“The Soldier’s Song”)

1926

Peadar Kearney (English)
Liam Ó Rinn (Irish)

Peadar Kearney and Patrick Heeney

 Israel

“הַתִּקְוָה Hatikvah”
(“The Hope”)

2004

Naftali Herz Imber

Samuel Cohen

 Italy

“Fratelli d’Italia”
(“The Song of the Italians”)

1946

Goffredo Mameli

Michele Novaro

 Ivory Coast

“L’Abidjanaise”
(“Song of Abidjan”)

1960

Mathieu Vangah Ekra , Joachim Bony 
and Pierre Marie Coty 

Pierre-Michel Pango 

 Jamaica

“Jamaica, Land We Love”

1962

Hugh Sherlock

Robert Lightbourne

 Japan

“Kimigayo”
(“His Majesty’s Reign”)

1999

Traditional Waka poem from the Kokin Wakashū (first published in 905)

Yoshiisa Oku and Akimori Hayashi; usually credited to Hiromori Hayashi

 Jordan

“Al-salam Al-malaki Al-urdoni”
(“The Royal Anthem of Jordan”)

1946

Abdul Monem Al-Refai

Abdul Qader al-Taneer

 Kazakhstan

“Meniñ Qazaqstanım”
(“My Kazakhstan”)

2006

Zhumeken Nazhimedenov
(with modifications by
Nursultan Nazarbayev)

Shamshi Kaldayakov

 Kenya

“Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu”
(“Oh God of All Creation”)

1963

Graham Hyslop, G. W. Senoga-Zake, Thomas Kalume, Peter Kibukosya, and Washington Omondi

The Anthem Commission

 Kiribati

“Kunan Kiribati”
(“Song of Kiribati”)

1979

Tamuera Ioteba Uriam

Tamuera Ioteba Uruam

 North Korea

“Aegukka”
(“The Patriotic Song”)

1947

Pak Seyŏng

Kim Wŏn’gyun

 South Korea

“Aegukga”
(“The Patriotic Song”)

1948

An Chang-ho

Ahn Eak-tae

 Kuwait

“Al-Nasheed Al-Watani”
(“National Anthem”)

1978

Ahmad Meshari Al-Adwani

Ibrahim Al-Soula

 Kyrgyzstan

“Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni”
(“National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic”)

1992

Djamil Sadykov and Eshmambet Kuluev

Nasyr Davlesov and Kalyi Moldobasanov

 Laos

“Pheng Xat Lao”
(“Hymn of the Lao People”)

1947

Sisana Sisane

Thongdy

Sounthonevichit

 Latvia

“Dievs, svētī Latviju!”
(“God Bless Latvia”)

1920

Kārlis Baumanis

Kārlis Baumanis

 Lebanon

“Lebanese National Anthem”

1927

Rashid Nakhle

Wadia Sabra

 Lesotho

“Lesotho Fatše La Bontata Rona”
(“Lesotho, Land of Our Fathers”)

1966

François Coillard

Ferdinand-

Samuel Laur

 Liberia

“All Hail, Liberia, Hail!”

1847

Daniel Bashiel Warner

Olmstead Luca

 Libya

“Libya, Libya, Libya”

2011

Al Bashir Al Arebi

Mohammed

Abdel Wahab

 Liechtenstein

“Oben am jungen Rhein”
(“High on the young Rhine”)

1963

Jakob Josef Jauch

Unknown[k]

 Lithuania

“Tautiška giesmė”
(“National Song”)

1919

Vincas Kudirka

Vincas Kudirka

 Luxembourg

“Ons Heemecht”
(“Our Homeland”)

1993

Michel Lentz

Jean Antoine Zinnen

 Madagascar

“Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!”
(“Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors”)

1958

Pastor Rahajason

Norbert Raharisoa

 Malawi

“Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi”
(“God Bless Malawi”)

1964

Michael-Fredrick Paul Sauka

Michael-Fredrick

Paul Sauka

 Malaysia

“Negaraku”
(“My Country”)

1957

multiple

Pierre-Jean de

Béranger

 Maldives

“Gaumii salaam”
(“National Salute”)

1972

Muhammad Jameel Didi

Pandit Wannaku-

wattawaduge Don

Amaradeva

 Mali

“Le Mali”
(“Mali”)

1962

Seydou Badian Kouyate

Banzumana Sissoko

 Malta

“L-Innu Malti”
(“The Maltese Hymn”)

1964

Dun Karm Psaila

Robert Samut

 Marshall Islands

“Forever Marshall Islands”

1991

Amata Kabua

Amata Kabua

 Mauritania

“Bilada-l ubati-l hudati-l kiram”
(“Country of the Proud, Guiding Noblemen”)

2017

Unknown

Rageh Daoud

 Mauritius

“Motherland”

1968

Jean Georges Prosper

Philippe Gentil

(M.B.E. Esq.)

 Mexico

“Himno Nacional Mexicano”
(“Mexican National Anthem”)

1943

Francisco González Bocanegra

Jaime Nunó

 Micronesia

“Patriots of Micronesia”

1991

Unknown

Traditional German song (Ich hab’ mich ergeben)

 Moldova

“Limba noastră”
(“Our Language”)

1994

Alexei Mateevici

Alexandru Cristea

 Monaco

“Hymne Monégasque”
(“Monégasque Anthem”)

1848

Louis Notari

Charles Albrecht

 Mongolia

“Mongol ulsiin töriin duulal”
(“National Anthem of Mongolia”)

1950

Tsendiin Damdinsüren

Bilegiin Damdinsüren and Luvsanjambyn Mördorj

 Montenegro

“Oj, svijetla majska zoro”
(“O, Bright Dawn of May”)

2004

folk song

Žarko Mirković

 Morocco

“Hymne Chérifien”
(“Cherifian Anthem”)

1956

Ali Squalli Houssaini

Léo Morgan

 Mozambique

“Pátria Amada”
(Beloved Homeland”)

2002

Salomão J. Manhiça and Mia Couto

Justino Sigaulane Chemane

 Myanmar

(“National Anthem”)

1948

U Sein Mya Maung

YMB Saya Tin

 Namibia

“Namibia, Land of the Brave”

1991

Axali Doëseb

Axali Doëseb

 Nauru

“Nauru Bwiema”
(“Song of Nauru”)

1968

Margaret Hendrie

Laurence Henry Hicks

   Nepal

“Sayaun Thunga Phulka”
(“Made of Hundreds of Flowers”)

2007

Byakul Maila

Amber Gurung

 Netherlands

“Wilhelmus”
(“William”)

1572

Philips of Marnix, or Dirck Coornhert or Petrus Dathenus

Adrianus Valerius

 New Zealand

“God Defend New Zealand”

1940 (national hymn)
1977 (national anthem)

Thomas Bracken (English version)

Thomas H. Smith (Māori version)

John Joseph Woods

 Nicaragua

“Salve a ti, Nicaragua”
(“Hail to Thee, Nicaragua”)

1918

Salomón Ibarra Mayorga

Luis A. Delgadillo

 Niger

“La Nigérienne”
(“The Nigerien”)

1961

Maurice Albert Thiriet

Robert Jacquet and Nicolas Abel François Frionnet

 Nigeria

“Arise, O Compatriots”

1978

John A. Ilechukwu, Eme Etim Akpan, B. A. Ogunnaike, Sotu Omoigui, and P. O. Aderibighe

Nigerian Police Band, under the directorship of B. E. Odiase

 North Macedonia

“Denes nad Makedonija”
(“Today over Macedonia”)

1992

Vlado Maleski

Todor Skalovski

 Norway

“Ja, vi elsker dette landet”
(“Yes, We Love This Country”)

2019

Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson

Rikard Nordraak

 Oman

“Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani”
(“Sultanic Salute”)

1932

Rashid bin Uzayyiz Al Khusaidi

James Frederick Mills, arranged by Bernard Ebbinghaus

 Pakistan

“Qaumī Tarāna”
(“National Anthem”)

1954

Hafeez Jullundhri

Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla

 Palau

“Belau rekid”
(“Our Palau”)

1980

multiple

Ymesei O. Ezekiel

 Palestine

“Fida’i”
(“Fedayeen warrior”)

1996

Said Al Muzayin

Ali Ismael

 Panama

“Himno Istmeño”
(“Hymn of the Isthmus”)

1925

Jeronimo de la Ossa

Santos Jorge

 Papua New Guinea

“O Arise, All You Sons”

1975

Tom Shacklady

Tom Shacklady

 Paraguay

“Himno Nacional Paraguayo”
(“Paraguayan National Anthem”)

1933

Francisco Acuña de Figueroa

Francisco José Debali

 Peru

“Himno Nacional del Perú”
(“National Anthem of Peru”)

1821

José de la Torre Ugarte y Alarcón

Jose Bernardo Alcedo

 Philippines

“Lupang Hinirang”
(“Chosen Land”)

1898

José Palma

Julián Felipe

 Poland

“Mazurek Dąbrowskiego”
(“Poland Is Not Yet Lost”)

1797

Józef Wybicki

Józef Wybicki

 Portugal

“A Portuguesa”
(“The Portuguese”)

1911

Henrique Lopes de Mendonça

Alfredo Keil

 Qatar

“As Salam al Amiri”
(“Peace to the Amir”)

1996

Sheikh Mubarak bin Saïf al-Thani

Abdul Aziz Nasser Obaidan

 Romania

“Deșteaptă-te, române!”
(“Awaken Thee, Romanian!”)

1990

Andrei Mureșanu

Anton Pann and Gheorghe Ucenescu

 Russia

“Gosudarstvenny Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii”
(“State Hymn of the Russian Federation”)

2000

Sergey Mikhalkov

Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov

 Rwanda

“Rwanda Nziza”
(“Beautiful Rwanda”)

2002

Faustin Murigo

Jean-Bosco Hashakimana

 Saint Kitts and Nevis

“O Land of Beauty!”

1983

Kenrick Georges

Kenrick Georges

 Saint Lucia

“Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia”

1979

Charles Jesse

Leton Felix Thomas

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

“Saint Vincent, Land so beautiful”

1979

Phyllis Punnett

Joel Bertram Miguel

 Samoa

“The Banner of Freedom”

1962

Sauni Iiga Kuresa

Sauni Iiga Kuresa

 San Marino

“Inno Nazionale della Repubblica”
(“The National Anthem of the Republic”)

1894

No official lyrics

Federico Consolo

 São Tomé and Príncipe

“Independência total”
(“Total Independence”)

1975

Alda Neves da Graça do Espírito Santo

Manuel dos Santos Barreto de Sousa e Almeida

 Saudi Arabia

“As-Salam Al Malaki”
(“The Royal Salute”)

1950

Ibrahim Khafaji

Abdul Rahman Al-Khateeb

 Senegal

“Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons”
(“Strum your Koras, Strike the Balafons”)

1960

Léopold Sédar Senghor

Herbert Pepper

 Serbia

“Bože pravde”
(“God of Justice”)

2006

Jovan Đorđević

Davorin Jenko

 Seychelles

“Koste Seselwa”
(“Join together all Seychellois”)

1996

David François Marc André and George Charles Robert Payet

David François Marc André and George Charles Robert Payet

 Sierra Leone

“High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free”

1961

Clifford Nelson Fyle

John Akar

 Singapore

“Majulah Singapura”
(“Onward Singapore”)

1965

Zubir Said

Zubir Said

 Slovakia

“Nad Tatrou sa blýska”
(“Lightning Over the Tatras”)

1918

Janko Matúška

Unknown; folk tune

 Slovenia

“Zdravljica”
(“A Toast”)

1989

France Prešeren

Stanko Premrl

 Solomon Islands

“God Save Our Solomon Islands”

1978

Panapasa Balekana and Matila Balekana

Panapasa Balekana

 Somalia

“Qolobaa Calankeed”
(“Praise to the Flag”)

2012

Abdullahi Qarshe

Abdullahi Qarshe

 South Africa

“National anthem of South Africa”

1997

Enoch Sontonga and C. J. Langenhoven

Enoch Sontonga and Marthinus Lourens de Villiers

 South Sudan

“South Sudan Oyee!”

2011

Students and teachers of Juba University, 2011

Students and teachers of Juba University, 2011

 Spain

“La Marcha Real”
(“The Royal March”)

1770
1939

Alfonso XIII

Manuel de Espinosa de los Monteros

 Sri Lanka

“Sri Lanka Matha”
(“Mother Sri Lanka”)

1951

Ananda Samarakoon (Sinhala)

M. Nallathambi (Tamil)

Ananda Samarakoon

 Sudan

“Nahnu Jund Allah Jund Al-watan”
(“We Are the Army of God and of Our Land”)

1956

Sayyed Ahmed Mohammed Salih

Ahmad Murjan

 Suriname

“God zij met ons Suriname”
(“God Be With Our Suriname”)

1959

Cornelis Atses Hoekstra and Henry de Ziel

Johannes Corstianus de Puy

 Sweden

“Du gamla, du fria”
(“Thou Ancient, Thou Free”)

1866 de facto (never adopted de jure)

Richard Dybeck

folk tune

 Switzerland

“Schweizerpsalm”
(“Swiss Psalm”)

1981

Leonhard Widmer (German),
Charles Chatelanat (French),
Camillo Valsangiacomo (Italian),
and Flurin Camathias (Romansch)

Alberich Zwyssig

 Syria

“Humāt ad-Diyār”
(“Guardians of the Homeland”)

1936

Khalil Mardam Bey

Mohammed Flayfel and Ahmad Salim Flayfel

 Tajikistan

“Surudi Milli”
(“National Anthem”)

1991

Gulnazar Keldi

Suleiman Yudakov

 Tanzania

“Mungu ibariki Afrika”
(“God Bless Africa”)

1961

collectively

Enoch Sontonga

 Thailand

“Phleng Chat”
(“National Song”)

1939

Luang Saranupraphan

Peter Feit

 Togo

“Salut à toi, pays de nos aïeux”
(“Hail to Thee, Land of our Forefathers”)

1960

Alex Casimir-Dosseh

Alex Casimir-Dosseh

 Tonga

“Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga”
(“Song of the King of the Tonga Islands”)

1875

Uelingatoni Ngū Tupoumalohi

Carl Gustav Schmitt

 Trinidad and Tobago

“Forged from the Love of Liberty”

1962

Patrick Castagne

Patrick Castagne

 Tunisia

“Humat al-Hima”
(“Defenders of the Homeland”)

1987

Mustafa Sadiq Al-Rafi’i and Aboul-Qacem Echebbi

Mohammed Abdel Wahab

 Turkey

“İstiklâl Marşı”
(“The March of Independence”)

1921

Mehmet Akif Ersoy

Osman Zeki Üngör

 Turkmenistan

“Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni”
(“The State Anthem of Independent and Neutral Turkmenistan”)

2008

collectively

Veli Mukhatov

 Tuvalu

“Tuvalu mo te Atua”
(“Tuvalu for the Almighty”

1978

Afaese Manoa

Afaese Manoa

 Uganda

“Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty”

1962

George Wilberforce Kakoma

George Wilberforce Kakoma

 Ukraine

“Shche ne vmerla Ukraina”
(“Ukraine’s Glory Has Not Perished”)

1917

Pavlo Chubynsky

Mykhaylo Verbytsky

 United Arab Emirates

“Ishy Biladi”
(“Long Live my Homeland”)

1971

Arif Al Sheikh Abdullah Al Hassan

Saad Abdel Wahab

 United Kingdom

“God Save the King”

1745

Henry Carey

Unknown

 United States

“The Star-Spangled Banner”

1931

Francis Scott Key

John Stafford Smith

 Uruguay

“Himno Nacional”
(“National Anthem”)

1833

Francisco Acuña de Figueroa

Francisco José Debali

 Uzbekistan

“O`zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi”
(“National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan”)

1991

Abdulla Aripov

Mutal Burhanov

 Vanuatu

“Yumi, Yumi, Yumi”
(“We, We, We”)

1980

François Vincent Ayssav

François Vincent Ayssav

  Vatican City

“Marche Pontificale”
(“Pontifical Anthem and March”)

1950

Antonio Allegra

Charles Gounod

 Venezuela

“Gloria al Bravo Pueblo”
(“Glory to the Brave People”)

1881

Vicente Salias

Juan José Landaeta

 Vietnam

“Tiến Quân Ca”
(“Marching Song”)

1945

Văn Cao

Văn Cao

 Yemen

“National anthem of Yemen”

1990

Abdallah Abdulwahab Noman

Ayoob Tarish

 Zambia

“Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free”

1964

collectively

Enoch Sontonga

 Zimbabwe

“Simudzai Mureza WeZimbabwe”
(“O Lift High the Banner of Zimbabwe”)

1994

Solomon Mutswairo

Fred Changundega

Anthems of Dependent States and Territories

Territory

Territorial anthem

Date adopted

Lyricist

Officially known as

 Abkhazia

“Aiaaira”
(“Victory”)

1992

Genady Alamiya

“State Anthem of the Republic of Abkhazia”

 Artsakh

“Azat u ankakh Artsakh”
(“Free and independent Artsakh”)

1992

Vardan Hakobyan

“Unofficial State Anthem of the Republic of Artsakh”

 Kosovo

“Europe”

2008

No official lyrics

“Anthem of the Republic of Kosovo”

 Northern Cyprus

“İstiklâl Marşı”
(“Independence March”)

1921

Mehmet Akif Ersoy

“The Turkish Cypriot State Anthem”

 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

“Yā Banī al-Ṣaḥrāʼ”
(“O Sons of the Sahara”)

1976

unknown

“Western Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republican Anthem”

 Somaliland

“Samo ku waar”

1991

Hassan Sheikh Mumin

“Samo Ku Waar, Somaliland”

 South Ossetia

“Respublikæ Hussar Irystony Paddzahadon Gimn”
(“National Anthem of South Ossetia”)

1995

Totraz Kokaev

“Respwlikæ Hwßar İrisânı Pađzahadân Ģimń”

 Taiwan

“San Min Chu-i-ge”
(“Song of the Three Principles of the People”)

1937 (de facto)
1943 (de jure)

Sun Yat-sen

“National Anthem of the Republic of China”

 Transnistria

“My slavim tebia, Pridnestrovie”
(“We glorify you, Pridnestrovie”)

1992

Boris Parmenov, Vitaly Pishenko, Nicholas Bozhko

“We chant thy praises of Pridnestrovia”