Population of Eastern Africa 2023

Population of Eastern Africa 2023

Population of Eastern Africa 2023: Facts and Figures for 2023

As of November 7, 2022, the population of Eastern Africa stands at 472,001,764, according to the latest United Nations estimates. This figure represents 5.71% of the global population, making Eastern Africa one of the most populous subregions on the African continent.

Population Density in Eastern Africa

The population density in Eastern Africa is 67 people per Km2 (173 people per mi2), making it one of the most densely populated areas in Africa. This high population density is attributed to factors such as rapid urbanization, a high birth rate, and improved healthcare.

Land Area in Eastern Africa

The total land area of Eastern Africa is 6,667,493 Km2 (2,574,332 sq. miles). This vast land area comprises diverse habitats, including deserts, forests, and savannahs. Eastern Africa’s unique geography makes it home to a rich diversity of flora and fauna.

Eastern Africa’s Urban Population

Eastern Africa has an urban population of 132,520,364, accounting for 29.8% of the total population. This rapid urbanization has resulted in the growth of cities and towns, leading to the development of infrastructure, social amenities, and job opportunities.

Eastern Africa’s Median Age

The median age in Eastern Africa is 18.7 years, making it one of the youngest subregions globally. This youthful population presents both opportunities and challenges, including the need to provide education, healthcare, and job opportunities.

Countries in Eastern Africa

Country

Population (2020)

Ethiopia

114,963,588

Tanzania

59,734,218

Kenya

53,771,296

Uganda

45,741,007

Mozambique

31,255,435

Madagascar

27,691,018

Malawi

19,129,952

Zambia

18,383,955

Somalia

15,893,222

Zimbabwe

14,862,924

Rwanda

12,952,218

Burundi

11,890,784

South Sudan

11,193,725

Eritrea

3,546,421

Mauritius

1,271,768

Djibouti

988,000

Réunion

895,312

Comoros

869,601

Mayotte

272,815

Seychelles

98,347

 

Eastern Africa Population in 2020 and it’s Historical

Year Population Annual %
Change
Annual
Change
Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban
Pop. %
Urban Population Eastern Africa’s
Share of
World Pop.
World Population Eastern Africa
Rank within
Africa
2020 445,405,606 2.71 % 11,146,866 -262,400 18.7 4.43 67 29.8 % 132,520,364 6.0 % 7,794,798,739 1
2020 445,405,606 2.65 % 11,500,663 -262,405 18.1 4.81 67 29.8 % 132,520,364 5.7 % 7,794,798,739 1
2019 433,904,943 2.68 % 11,341,580 -262,405 18.1 4.81 65 29.2 % 126,809,813 5.6 % 7,713,468,100  
2018 422,563,363 2.71 % 11,166,636 -262,405 18.1 4.81 63 28.7 % 121,315,521 5.5 % 7,631,091,040 1
2017 411,396,727 2.74 % 10,969,972 -262,405 18.1 4.81 62 28.2 % 116,034,318 5.5 % 7,547,858,925 1
2016 400,426,755 2.76 % 10,755,480 -262,405 18.1 4.81 60 27.7 % 110,963,377 5.4 % 7,464,022,049 1
2015 389,671,275 2.81 % 10,070,688 -355,300 17.9 4.90 58 27.2 % 106,095,604 5.6 % 7,379,797,139 1
2010 339,317,833 2.83 % 8,826,483 -313,900 17.3 5.38 51 24.9 % 84,503,529 5.2 % 6,956,823,603 1
2005 295,185,417 2.78 % 7,566,411 -206,900 17.0 5.76 44 22.9 % 67,684,204 4.8 % 6,541,907,027 1
2000 257,353,364 2.82 % 6,683,829 -82,200 16.9 6.09 39 21.4 % 54,950,508 4.5 % 6,143,493,823 1
1995 223,934,219 2.58 % 5,353,169 -452,900 16.9 6.38 34 19.9 % 44,589,205 4.2 % 5,744,212,979 1
1990 197,168,375 3.02 % 5,456,177 -77,800 16.7 6.78 30 18.2 % 35,850,678 4.0 % 5,327,231,061 1
1985 169,887,491 3.01 % 4,679,825 -121,200 16.7 7.00 25 16.3 % 27,720,992 3.8 % 4,870,921,740 1
1980 146,488,368 2.98 % 4,004,663 -133,800 16.8 7.11 22 14.7 % 21,478,562 3.6 % 4,458,003,514 1
1975 126,465,051 2.89 % 3,356,567 -124,400 16.9 7.14 19 12.5 % 15,854,488 3.4 % 4,079,480,606 1
1970 109,682,215 2.84 % 2,861,904 -20,000 17.2 7.10 16 10.7 % 11,752,648 3.3 % 3,700,437,046 1
1965 95,372,694 2.68 % 2,362,903 -41,100 17.5 7.08 14 5.2 % 4,978,234 3.1 % 3,339,583,597 1
1960 83,558,179 2.47 % 1,916,566 -24,500 17.9 6.99 13 7.8 % 6,514,299 3.0 % 3,034,949,748 2
1955 73,975,350 2.26 % 1,566,158 -20,100 18.2 6.99 11 6.7 % 4,978,234 2.9 % 2,773,019,936 2

Source: The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division provided an in-depth analysis of data in their report titled “World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision” using the medium-fertility variant. 

Eastern Africa Population Future Forecast

Year Population Annual %
Change
Annual
Change
Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban
Pop. %
Urban Population Eastern Africa’s
Share of
World Pop.
World Population Eastern Africa
Rank within
Africa
2020 445,405,606 2.71 % 11,146,866 -262,400 18.7 4.43 67 29.8 % 132,520,364 6.0 % 7,794,798,739 1
2025 505,292,185 2.56 % 11,977,316 -340,000 19.6 4.45 76 32.6 % 164,482,084 6.5 % 8,184,437,460 1
2030 569,704,993 2.43 % 12,882,562 -223,500 20.6 4.46 85 35.6 % 202,579,194 7.0 % 8,548,487,400 1
2035 637,437,312 2.27 % 13,546,464 -180,500 21.7 4.47 96 38.8 % 247,131,197 7.2 % 8,887,524,213 1
2040 707,392,704 2.1 % 13,991,078 -170,600 22.7 4.48 106 42.1 % 298,002,537 8.0 % 9,198,847,240 1
2045 778,915,504 1.95 % 14,304,560 -170,600 23.8 4.50 117 45.6 % 355,029,937 8.5 % 9,481,803,274 1
2050 851,217,711 1.79 % 14,460,441 -170,600 24.9 4.51 128 49.1 % 418,216,589 9.0 % 9,735,033,990 1

Source: The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division provided an in-depth analysis of data in their report titled “World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision” using the medium-fertility variant. 

Understanding the Demographics of Eastern Africa: Key Terms Explained

Year: The year specified is July 1 of that year.

Population: The overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the sub-region as of July 1 of the year specified, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, using the World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.

Annual % Change: This is the percentage change in the total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018, to June 30, 2019) for the year 2019. For all other years, it is the latest year’s annual percentage change equivalent, assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five-year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Annual Change: This is the absolute change in the total population (increase or decrease in the number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018, to June 30, 2019) for the year 2019. For all other years, it is the average annual numerical change over the preceding five-year period.

Migrants (net): This is the average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five-year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five-year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: This is the age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR) This is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old), based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the countries within Eastern Africa, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) This is the population per square kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop %: This is the urban population as a percentage of the total population.

Urban Population: This is the population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Eastern Africa’s Share of World Pop: This is the total population as a percentage of the total world population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: This is the total world population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Rank within Africa: This is the position held by Eastern Africa in the list of all regions within Africa ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

See also

Related Topics:

 

Sources: