Population of Middle Africa 2023

Population of Middle Africa 2023

With a current population of 191,788,439 as of Monday, November 7, 2022, Middle Africa accounts for 2.3% of the total world population, according to the latest United Nations estimates. Middle Africa ranks number 4 in Africa among sub-regions ranked by population. Let’s dive deeper into the demographics of this region.

Middle Africa Population Density and Land Area

The population density in Middle Africa is 28 per square kilometer (72 people per square mile). The total land area of this subregion is 6,496,820 square kilometers (2,508,435 square miles). This means that despite its relatively small population compared to other regions, Middle Africa is still quite vast in terms of land area.

Middle Africa Urbanization

Half of the population of Middle Africa is classified as urban, with 90,619,300 people living in urban areas as of 2019. This means that the remaining 49.5% of the population is considered rural. This urbanization trend is likely to continue as more people move to cities for job opportunities and better living conditions.

Middle Africa Median Age

The median age in Middle Africa is quite young, at 17.3 years. This means that half of the population is younger than this age and the other half is older. A young median age can indicate a growing population, as more people are in their childbearing years and have the potential to have more children.

Countries in Middle Africa

Country

Population (2020)

Democratic Republic of the Congo

89,561,403

Angola

32,866,272

Cameroon

26,545,863

Chad

16,425,864

Congo

5,518,087

Central African Republic

4,829,767

Gabon

2,225,734

Equatorial Guinea

1,402,985

Sao Tome and Principe

219,159

Middle Africa Population in 2020 and it’s Historical

Year Population Annual %
Change
Annual
Change
Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban
Pop. %
Urban Population Middle Africa’s
Share of
World Pop.
World Population Middle Africa
Rank within
Africa
2020 179,595,134 3.1 % 5,078,383 1,100 17.3 5.53 28 50.5 % 90,619,300 2.4 % 7,794,798,739 4
2020 179,595,134 3.03 % 5,286,702 1,053 17.1 5.86 28 50.5 % 90,619,300 2.3 % 7,794,798,739 4
2019 174,308,432 3.07 % 5,186,553 1,053 17.1 5.86 27 49.9 % 86,992,671 2.3 % 7,713,468,100  
2018 169,121,879 3.10 % 5,082,891 1,053 17.1 5.86 26 49.4 % 83,483,558 2.2 % 7,631,091,040 4
2017 164,038,988 3.13 % 4,974,199 1,053 17.1 5.86 25 48.8 % 80,089,141 2.2 % 7,547,858,925 4
2016 159,064,789 3.15 % 4,861,570 1,053 17.1 5.86 24 48.3 % 76,806,314 2.1 % 7,464,022,049 4
2015 154,203,219 3.22 % 4,516,219 -5,800 17.0 5.94 24 47.8 % 73,632,499 2.2 % 7,379,797,139 4
2010 131,622,126 3.28 % 3,922,773 88,300 17.0 6.23 20 45.1 % 59,347,838 2.0 % 6,956,823,603 4
2005 112,008,261 3.11 % 3,178,544 55,600 17.0 6.38 17 42.5 % 47,647,230 1.8 % 6,541,907,027 4
2000 96,115,539 2.79 % 2,468,076 -124,500 17.0 6.52 15 39.7 % 38,183,621 1.7 % 6,143,493,823 4
1995 83,775,158 3.41 % 2,584,011 292,700 16.9 6.67 13 37.1 % 31,101,345 1.6 % 5,744,212,979 4
1990 70,855,105 3.08 % 1,993,008 37,900 17.0 6.75 11 34.3 % 24,274,759 1.5 % 5,327,231,061 4
1985 60,890,064 2.86 % 1,600,938 -51,600 17.3 6.72 9 31.4 % 19,099,537 1.4 % 4,870,921,740 4
1980 52,885,374 2.85 % 1,387,336 18,100 17.6 6.60 8 28.5 % 15,058,566 1.3 % 4,458,003,514 4
1975 45,948,694 2.72 % 1,155,608 11,200 17.9 6.46 7 25.6 % 11,764,049 1.2 % 4,079,480,606 4
1970 40,170,656 2.28 % 855,485 -70,500 18.4 6.29 6 22.4 % 9,014,313 1.2 % 3,700,437,046 4
1965 35,893,233 2.18 % 734,208 -32,800 18.8 6.12 6 12.7 % 4,559,020 1.2 % 3,339,583,597 4
1960 32,222,195 2.06 % 624,776 -20,200 19.3 5.97 5 17.7 % 5,703,903 1.2 % 3,034,949,748 4
1955 29,098,315 1.92 % 528,910 -1,200 19.4 5.84 4 15.7 % 4,559,020 1.1 % 2,773,019,936 4

Source: The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division provided an in-depth analysis of data in their report titled “World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision” using the medium-fertility variant. 

Middle Africa Population Future Forecast

Year

Population

Annual %
Change

Annual
Change

Migrants (net)

Median Age

Fertility Rate

Density (P/Km²)

Urban
Pop. %

Urban Population

Middle Africa’s
Share of
World Pop.

World Population

Middle Africa
Rank within
Africa

                         

2020

179,595,134

3.1 %

5,078,383

1,100

17.3

5.53

28

50.5 %

90,619,300

2.4 %

7,794,798,739

4

2025

207,543,445

2.93 %

5,589,662

-11,200

17.9

5.54

32

53.3 %

110,578,741

2.7 %

8,184,437,460

4

2030

238,186,226

2.79 %

6,128,556

-21,800

18.6

5.55

37

56.1 %

133,727,544

2.9 %

8,548,487,400

4

2035

271,462,287

2.65 %

6,655,212

-22,700

19.4

5.56

42

59 %

160,149,590

3.1 %

8,887,524,213

4

2040

306,945,090

2.49 %

7,096,561

-22,600

20.3

5.57

47

61.8 %

189,707,591

3.5 %

9,198,847,240

4

2045

344,187,503

2.32 %

7,448,483

-23,500

21.2

5.58

53

64.5 %

222,156,044

3.7 %

9,481,803,274

4

2050

382,640,435

2.14 %

7,690,586

-24,400

22.2

5.59

59

67.2 %

257,253,521

4.0 %

9,735,033,990

3

Source: The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division provided an in-depth analysis of data in their report titled “World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision” using the medium-fertility variant. 

Understanding the Demographics of Middle Africa: Key Terms Explained

Year: Refers to the period starting from July 1 of the year specified.

Population: The total number of people residing in the sub-region, regardless of age and gender, as estimated by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. The figures are based on the World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision report. The UN medium-fertility variant is used for projected years.

Annual % Change: Indicates the percentage change in the total population from July 1, 2018, to June 30, 2019, for the year 2019. For other years, the figure is calculated based on the average annual percentage change over the previous five years, assuming a uniform change.

Annual Change: Indicates the absolute change in the total population (i.e., an increase or decrease in the number of people) from July 1 of the previous year to June 30 of the current year. For other years, it is calculated based on the average annual numerical change over the preceding five-year period.

Migrants (net): The average number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five-year period, starting from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years. For 2016 data, the subsequent five-year period is considered. A negative number indicates that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: The age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups, with half of the people being older than the median age and half younger. This parameter provides insight into the age distribution of the population.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate or TFR) is expressed as the average number of children per woman. It is calculated based on the current fertility rates of each age group in the countries within Middle Africa and assumes that the woman is not subject to mortality during her reproductive period (i.e., 15 to 49 years old).

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Refers to the number of people residing per square kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop %: Indicates the percentage of the population residing in urban areas as compared to the total population.

Urban Population: Refers to the number of people residing in areas classified as urban based on the criteria established by each country.

Middle Africa’s Share of World Pop: Indicates the total population of Middle Africa as a percentage of the global population as of July 1 of the year specified.

World Population: The total number of people residing globally as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Rank within Africa: Refers to the position of Middle Africa in the list of all African regions ranked by population, from highest to lowest, as of July 1 of the year indicated.

See also

Related Topics:

 

Sources: