Population of Northern Europe 2023

Population of Northern Europe 2023

Population of Northern Europe 2023: Facts, Figures, and Statistics

Northern Europe, comprising countries such as Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and the Baltic States, is a region known for its scenic beauty, cultural heritage, and economic prosperity. With a population of over 107 million as of November 7, 2022, Northern Europe is home to a diverse community of people from different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. In this article, we’ll explore some key facts and figures related to Northern Europe’s population.

Northern Europe Size and Ranking

According to the latest estimates from the United Nations, the current population of Northern Europe stands at 107,418,405, which is equivalent to 1.36% of the world’s total population. This places Northern Europe at number 4 in Europe among subregions ranked by population, behind Southern Europe, Western Europe, and Eastern Europe.

Northern Europe Population Density and Land Area

The population density in Northern Europe is 62 people per km2 or 162 people per mi2. This means that, on average, there are 62 people living in every square kilometer of land in Northern Europe. With a total land area of 1,702,418 km2 (657,307 sq. miles), Northern Europe is a vast region with plenty of room for its population to grow.

Northern Europe Urbanization and Median Age

As of 2019, approximately 82.3% of Northern Europe’s population lived in urban areas, which amounts to around 87,488,312 people. This trend toward urbanization is expected to continue in the coming years as more people move to cities in search of better job prospects, higher living standards, and access to services.

The median age in Northern Europe is 40.8 years, which is higher than the global median age of 30.9 years. This suggests that Northern Europe has an aging population, which could have implications for healthcare, pensions, and other social services in the region.

 

Countries in Northern Europe

Country

Population (2020)

United Kingdom

67,886,011

Sweden

10,099,265

Denmark

5,792,202

Finland

5,540,720

Norway

5,421,241

Ireland

4,937,786

Lithuania

2,722,289

Latvia

1,886,198

Estonia

1,326,535

Iceland

341,243

Channel Islands

173,863

Isle of Man

85,033

Faeroe Islands

48,863

Northern Europe Population in 2020 and it’s Historical

Year Population Annual %
Change
Annual
Change
Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban
Pop. %
Urban Population Northern Europe’s
Share of
World Pop.
World Population Northern Europe
Rank within
Europe
2020 106,261,249 0.52 % 548,457 339,900 40.8 1.75 62 82.3 % 87,488,312 1.4 % 7,794,798,739 4
2020 106,261,249 0.47 % 492,744 339,918 40.3 1.82 62 82.3 % 87,488,312 1.4 % 7,794,798,739 4
2019 105,768,505 0.50 % 531,400 339,918 40.3 1.82 62 82.1 % 86,783,876 1.4 % 7,713,468,100  
2018 105,237,105 0.54 % 560,610 339,918 40.3 1.82 62 81.8 % 86,071,298 1.4 % 7,631,091,040 4
2017 104,676,495 0.55 % 575,832 339,918 40.3 1.82 61 81.5 % 85,356,055 1.4 % 7,547,858,925 4
2016 104,100,663 0.56 % 581,697 339,918 40.3 1.82 61 81.3 % 84,645,361 1.4 % 7,464,022,049 4
2015 103,518,966 0.61 % 624,131 322,300 40.2 1.84 61 81.1 % 83,942,644 1.5 % 7,379,797,139 4
2010 100,398,312 0.84 % 818,185 545,300 39.6 1.85 59 80 % 80,325,850 1.5 % 6,956,823,603 4
2005 96,307,386 0.39 % 370,630 259,700 38.7 1.66 57 78.9 % 76,032,569 1.6 % 6,541,907,027 4
2000 94,454,236 0.27 % 255,498 135,600 37.6 1.70 55 78 % 73,632,731 1.6 % 6,143,493,823 4
1995 93,176,748 0.25 % 228,092 35,200 36.4 1.80 55 77.6 % 72,277,379 1.7 % 5,744,212,979 4
1990 92,036,288 0.31 % 284,997 60,900 35.6 1.85 54 77.1 % 71,001,674 1.9 % 5,327,231,061 4
1985 90,611,305 0.18 % 162,565 7,900 35.1 1.80 53 76.9 % 69,682,894 2.0 % 4,870,921,740 4
1980 89,798,481 0.2 % 177,299 58,800 34.0 1.80 53 76.5 % 68,681,825 2.2 % 4,458,003,514 4
1975 88,911,986 0.38 % 332,133 73,700 33.4 2.06 52 75.3 % 66,907,545 2.4 % 4,079,480,606 4
1970 87,251,323 0.58 % 493,966 12,200 33.5 2.49 51 73.9 % 64,489,364 2.6 % 3,700,437,046 4
1965 84,781,494 0.74 % 610,881 40,700 34.1 2.71 50 66.2 % 56,141,735 2.8 % 3,339,583,597 4
1960 81,727,090 0.57 % 456,012 -18,500 34.4 2.51 48 71.7 % 58,582,164 2.9 % 3,034,949,748 4
1955 79,447,029 0.37 % 287,994 -119,700 33.9 2.32 47 70.7 % 56,141,735 3.1 % 2,773,019,936 4

Source: The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division provided an in-depth analysis of data in their report titled “World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision” using the medium-fertility variant. 

Northern Europe Population Future Forecast

Year Population Annual %
Change
Annual
Change
Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban
Pop. %
Urban Population Northern Europe’s
Share of
World Pop.
World Population Northern Europe
Rank within
Europe
2020 106,261,249 0.52 % 548,457 339,900 40.8 1.75 62 82.3 % 87,488,312 1.4 % 7,794,798,739 4
2025 108,252,745 0.37 % 398,299 229,400 41.6 1.75 64 84 % 90,891,788 1.4 % 8,184,437,460 4
2030 109,990,350 0.32 % 347,521 246,300 42.6 1.75 65 85.5 % 94,052,644 1.3 % 8,548,487,400 4
2035 111,466,805 0.27 % 295,291 258,000 43.5 1.74 65 87 % 96,958,528 1.3 % 8,887,524,213 4
2040 112,749,029 0.23 % 256,445 259,900 44.3 1.74 66 88.4 % 99,714,504 1.3 % 9,198,847,240 4
2045 113,927,584 0.21 % 235,711 260,200 44.5 1.75 67 89.9 % 102,377,414 1.2 % 9,481,803,274 4
2050 114,959,952 0.18 % 206,474 260,600 44.6 1.75 68 91.3 % 104,901,707 1.2 % 9,735,033,990 4

Source: The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division provided an in-depth analysis of data in their report titled “World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision” using the medium-fertility variant. 

Understanding the Demographics of Northern Europe: Key Terms Explained

Northern Europe is one of the world’s most prosperous regions, renowned for its natural beauty, technological advancements, and high living standards. However, to understand the region’s current state, we need to analyze the population data from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Here are some of the most important terms to understand when analyzing population data.

Population Estimates

Population estimates are crucial to understanding Northern Europe’s population demographics. The United Nations estimates the total population of Northern Europe, which includes both sexes and all ages, as of July 1 of the year indicated. The most recent estimate was published in the World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision report. This report also includes population projections for the future based on the U.N.’s medium-fertility variant.

Yearly (Annual) % Change and Yearly (Annual) Change

Yearly % Change and Yearly Change are important indicators of population growth or decline. Yearly % Change represents the percentage change in total population over the last year, while Yearly Change represents the absolute change in total population over the last year. For all other years, the Yearly % Change and Yearly Change are calculated using the latest year’s annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five-year period, calculated through reverse compounding, and the average annual numerical change over the preceding five-year period, respectively.

Migrants (net)

Migrants (net) refers to the average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five-year period. A negative number indicates that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age

Median Age divides the population into two numerically equal groups, with half of the people being older than the median age and half being younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate

Fertility Rate, also known as Total Fertility Rate (TFR), expresses the number of children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the countries within Northern Europe, assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Population Density

Population Density expressed as the number of people per square kilometer is an important metric in understanding the population distribution within Northern Europe.

Urbanization

Urbanization refers to the shift in population from rural to urban areas. Urban Pop % represents the urban population as a percentage of the total population, while Urban Population refers to the population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Northern Europe’s Share of World Pop and World Population

Northern Europe’s Share of World Pop refers to the total population as a percentage of the world’s population as of July 1 of the year indicated. World Population refers to the total world population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Rank within Europe

Rank within Europe refers to Northern Europe’s position in the list of all regions within Europe ranked by population from the highest population to the lowest population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

See also

Related Topics:

 

Sources: