Population of Southern Africa 2023

Population of Southern Africa 2023

Population of Southern Africa 2023: Facts and Figures

Southern AfricaSouthern Africa is a region known for its natural beauty and diverse cultures, and as of Monday, November 7, 2022, the population of this region is estimated to be 69,543,302 by the United Nations. In this article, we will delve deeper into the demographics of Southern Africa and provide some interesting facts and figures.

Southern Africa Population Density and Land Area

Southern Africa covers a vast area of 2,650,670 square kilometers (1,023,429 square miles), making it one of the largest subregions in Africa. However, with a population density of 25 people per square kilometer (66 people per square mile), Southern Africa is one of the least densely populated regions in the world.

Southern Africa Population Ranking

Among the subregions in Africa ranked by population, Southern Africa holds the 5th position, representing 0.87% of the total world population. It is home to 15 countries, including South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique, among others.

Southern Africa Urbanization

The urban population of Southern Africa has been on the rise in recent years, with 64.7% of the population living in urban areas as of 2019, representing 43,688,187 people. This trend is expected to continue in the coming years, with more people migrating to cities in search of better opportunities.

Southern Africa Median Age

The median age in Southern Africa is 27.0 years, which is relatively young compared to other regions in the world. This can be attributed to factors such as high birth rates and a relatively low life expectancy due to challenges such as poverty, HIV/AIDS, and other health issues.

 

Countries in Southern Africa

Country

Population (2020)

South Africa

59,308,690

Namibia

2,540,905

Botswana

2,351,627

Lesotho

2,142,249

Eswatini

1,160,164

  

 

 

Southern Africa Population in 2020 and it’s Historical

Year Population Yearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban
Pop %
Urban Population Southern Africa’s
Share of
World Pop
World Population Southern Africa
Rank within
Africa
2020 67,503,635 1.4 % 903,717 125,200 27.0 2.50 25 64.7 % 43,688,187 0.9 % 7,794,798,739 5
2020 67,503,635 1.31 % 873,740 125,199 26.1 2.61 25 64.7 % 43,688,187 0.9 % 7,794,798,739 5
2019 66,629,895 1.35 % 890,399 125,199 26.1 2.61 25 64.3 % 42,829,910 0.9 % 7,713,468,100  
2018 65,739,496 1.40 % 905,688 125,199 26.1 2.61 25 63.8 % 41,970,076 0.9 % 7,631,091,040 5
2017 64,833,808 1.44 % 919,164 125,199 26.1 2.61 24 63.4 % 41,106,532 0.9 % 7,547,858,925 5
2016 63,914,644 1.48 % 929,592 125,199 26.1 2.61 24 63 % 40,236,060 0.9 % 7,464,022,049 5
2015 62,985,052 1.53 % 920,338 144,000 25.8 2.64 24 62.5 % 39,358,000 0.9 % 7,379,797,139 5
2010 58,383,361 1.33 % 747,734 153,400 24.5 2.71 22 60 % 35,033,133 0.9 % 6,956,823,603 5
2005 54,644,692 1.21 % 640,168 121,200 23.3 2.72 21 57.7 % 31,525,848 0.9 % 6,541,907,027 5
2000 51,443,852 1.67 % 817,123 118,400 22.1 3.00 19 54.7 % 28,155,877 0.9 % 6,143,493,823 5
1995 47,358,236 2.41 % 1,062,380 165,800 20.8 3.63 18 52.2 % 24,706,851 0.9 % 5,744,212,979 5
1990 42,046,337 2.5 % 974,904 -15,100 19.4 4.49 16 49.7 % 20,912,450 0.9 % 5,327,231,061 5
1985 37,171,815 2.76 % 946,268 24,400 19.1 5.02 14 47.3 % 17,575,710 0.8 % 4,870,921,740 5
1980 32,440,477 2.59 % 779,092 6,000 19.0 5.19 12 46.5 % 15,079,862 0.8 % 4,458,003,514 5
1975 28,545,018 2.71 % 713,976 37,700 19.0 5.60 11 46 % 13,119,613 0.8 % 4,079,480,606 5
1970 24,975,139 2.61 % 603,499 29,500 18.9 5.86 9 45.2 % 11,279,997 0.7 % 3,700,437,046 5
1965 21,957,644 2.5 % 509,413 9,400 19.2 6.03 8 31.7 % 6,950,244 0.7 % 3,339,583,597 5
1960 19,410,580 2.32 % 420,616 -9,900 19.7 6.07 7 42.8 % 8,305,736 0.7 % 3,034,949,748 5
1955 17,307,499 2.19 % 354,893 -5,200 20.3 6.06 7 40.2 % 6,950,244 0.7 % 2,773,019,936 5

Source: The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division provided an in-depth analysis of data in their report titled “World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision” using the medium-fertility variant. 

Southern Africa Population Future Forecast

Year Population Yearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban
Pop %
Urban Population Southern Africa’s
Share of
World Pop
World Population Southern Africa
Rank within
Africa
2020 67,503,635 1.4 % 903,717 125,200 27.0 2.50 25 64.7 % 43,688,187 0.9 % 7,794,798,739 5
2025 71,595,910 1.18 % 818,455 97,900 28.1 2.50 27 66.9 % 47,899,966 0.9 % 8,184,437,460 5
2030 75,364,291 1.03 % 753,676 84,200 29.0 2.50 28 68.9 % 51,909,443 0.9 % 8,548,487,400 5
2035 78,865,535 0.91 % 700,249 74,300 29.8 2.51 30 70.7 % 55,757,861 0.9 % 8,887,524,213 5
2040 82,054,886 0.8 % 637,870 58,400 31.0 2.51 31 72.4 % 59,431,696 0.9 % 9,198,847,240 5
2045 84,910,397 0.69 % 571,102 57,500 32.1 2.51 32 74.1 % 62,936,121 0.9 % 9,481,803,274 5
2050 87,378,567 0.57 % 493,634 58,000 33.3 2.52 33 75.8 % 66,231,499 0.9 % 9,735,033,990 5

Source: The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division provided an in-depth analysis of data in their report titled “World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision” using the medium-fertility variant. 

Understanding the Demographics of Southern Africa: Key Terms Explained

Southern Africa is a diverse and vibrant sub-region of the African continent, encompassing 16 countries and home to a population of 69,543,302 as of July 1, 2022, according to the latest estimates by the United Nations. In this article, we will delve into the key figures and trends that define the population and demographics of Southern Africa.

Southern Africa Population Size and Density

Southern Africa is home to 0.87% of the total world population, ranking it fifth among subregions in Africa by population. The population density in Southern Africa is 25 people per square kilometer (66 people per square mile), with a total land area of 2,650,670 square kilometers (1,023,429 square miles).

Southern Africa Urbanization and Median Age

Southern Africa has a predominantly urban population, with 64.7% of the population living in urban areas as of 2019. This represents a significant increase from previous years and reflects the ongoing trend toward urbanization in the region. The median age in Southern Africa is 27.0 years, indicating a relatively young population with significant potential for future growth and development.

Annual % Change and Migrants

The yearly % change in the total population of Southern Africa was 1.39% in 2019. Over the preceding five-year period, the average annual numerical change in population was 1.32%. The sub-region also experienced net migration, with an average annual number of immigrants exceeding emigrants over the preceding five-year period.

Fertility Rate and Median Age

The fertility rate in Southern Africa, measured as the total number of children per woman, varies widely across the sub-region. In some countries, such as Botswana and South Africa, the fertility rate has fallen below the replacement rate of 2.1 children per woman, while in others, such as Malawi and Mozambique, it remains above 5 children per woman. This diversity in fertility rates reflects variations in socioeconomic conditions, access to family planning, and cultural and religious factors across the sub-region.

Rank within Africa and Share of World Population

Southern Africa ranks fifth among all subregions in Africa by population, behind West Africa, East Africa, North Africa, and Central Africa. However, its share of the total world population is relatively small, at just 0.87%. Nonetheless, Southern Africa plays an important role in shaping the future of the African continent, with its diverse cultures, economies, and political systems contributing to the overall richness and complexity of the region.

See also

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