2023 World Largest Cities By Population

2023 World Largest Cities By Population

2023 World Largest Cities By Population

The Demographia World Urban Areas report provides information on population, land area, and population density for 990 urban areas across the globe that have a population of 500,000 or more.

These urban areas have a combined estimated population of 2.36 billion people, which represents 52 percent of the world’s urban population as of 2022.

Furthermore, the world’s urban population has now reached 57 percent of the total global population in 2022.

Megacities (Over 10 Million Population)

As of the latest count, there are now 44 megacities – urban areas with a population of at least 10 million. This is an increase of eight megacities from the previous count of 36.

Of the new additions, five are located in China: Chongqing, Xi’an, Zhengzhou, Dongguan, and Wuhan. The other three new megacities are Hyderabad in India, Lima in Peru, and Bogota in Colombia.

China has the most megacities with 11, followed by India with six, and Brazil, Japan, Pakistan, and the United States each having two.

In total, there are now 97 urban areas with a population of at least 5 million residents, up from 90 the previous year.

world mega cities
2023 World Largest Cities by Population

The Most Significant Urban Developments in the Last Year

Urban areas continue to grow and evolve at an unprecedented rate. In the last year alone, major changes have occurred in several cities across the world.

From population reductions to unexpected growth, these changes are transforming the urban landscape.

Let’s take a closer look at the most significant urban developments from the last year.

Tokyo-Yokohama: Lower Population Growth

Tokyo-Yokohama continues to hold the top spot as the largest urban area in the world, with an estimated population of over 38 million people.

However, the latest estimates from the Ministry of Communications reveal a lower population growth rate than expected. This has resulted in a slightly lower reported population than last year.

Jakarta: Population Reduction

Jakarta, the second-ranked urban area in the world, has experienced a population reduction due to a slower growth rate between the 2015 and 2020 censuses. Despite this, Jakarta remains the largest urban area in the southern hemisphere.

Guangzhou-Foshan: Unexpected Growth

Guangzhou-Foshan is now the fourth largest urban area in the world, with an estimated population of 26.9 million. This is due to a faster-than-expected population growth rate between the 2010 and 2020 censuses.

In fact, the metropolitan area added over 8 million residents in just one decade, making it one of the largest decadal metropolitan areas increases in history.

Megacities in China’s Greater Bay Area

Guangzhou-Foshan is part of China’s Greater Bay Area, along with two adjacent megacities: Dongguan and Shenzhen. The combined population of these three cities is estimated to be over 70 million people.

Mumbai: Fifth Largest Urban Area in the World

Mumbai ranks as the fifth largest urban area in the world, with an estimated population of over 24 million people. India accounts for two of the five largest urban areas in the world, with Delhi ranking third.

Manila: Sixth Largest Urban Area

Manila is the sixth largest urban area in the world, nearly equaling the population of Mumbai. With a rapidly growing population, Manila is expected to continue climbing up the rankings in the coming years.

Shanghai: Lower Growth Rate

Shanghai, the seventh-ranked urban area, has experienced significantly lower growth since 2010 than in the previous decade.

The city has implemented policies to limit population growth, along with Beijing (ranked 14th).

Sao Paulo: Largest Urban Area in the Western Hemisphere

Sao Paulo ranks as the eighth-largest urban area in the world and the largest in the western hemisphere. It is also the second largest in the southern hemisphere.

Seoul: Ninth Largest Urban Area

Seoul is the ninth-largest urban area in the world and the only representative in the top ten from a high-income nation.

With a population of over 23 million people, Seoul continues to grow at a steady pace.

Mexico City: Tenth Largest Urban Area

Mexico City is the tenth-largest urban area in the world and the largest in the western hemisphere.

With an estimated population of over 21 million people, it continues to be a major economic and cultural hub.

New York: Eleventh Largest Urban Area

New York is the eleventh largest urban area in the world, with an estimated population of over 20 million people.

Once the world’s largest urban area from about 1920 to 1950, it was ranked third largest in the world as late as 1990.

The Meaning of a Half-Urban World

In 2022, the world became more than 50% urban for the first time in history, with a median urban resident living in an area with a population of approximately 625,000.

LARGEST BUILT-UP URBAN AREAS IN THE WORLD

 

Built-Up Land Area

Urban Population Density

 

Rank

Geography

Urban Area

Population Estimate

Square Miles

Square Kilometers

Per Square Mile

Per Square Kilometer

B

1

Japan

Tokyo-Yokohama

37,732,000

3,178

8,231

11,873

4,584

1

2

Indonesia

Jakarta

33,756,000

1,369

3,546

24,657

9,521

1

3

India

Delhi, DL-UP-HR

32,226,000

905

2,344

35,609

13,749

1

4

China

Guangzhou-Foshan, GD

26,940,000

1,751

4,535

15,385

5,941

2

5

India

Mumbai, MH

24,973,000

377

976

66,241

25,577

1

6

Philippines

Manila

24,922,000

738

1,911

33,770

13,039

1

7

China

Shanghai, SHG-JS-ZJ

24,073,000

1,673

4,333

14,389

5,556

2

8

Brazil

Sao Paulo

23,086,000

1,409

3,649

16,385

6,326

1

9

South Korea

Seoul-Incheon

23,016,000

1,069

2,769

21,530

8,313

1

10

Mexico

Mexico City

21,804,000

977

2,530

22,317

8,617

1

11

United States

New York, NY-NJ-CT

21,509,000

4,669

12,093

4,607

1,779

2

12

Egypt

Cairo

20,296,000

776

2,010

26,155

10,099

1

13

Bangladesh

Dhaka

18,627,000

239

619

77,937

30,093

1

14

China

Beijing, BJ-HEB

18,522,000

1,654

4,284

11,198

4,324

2

15

India

Kolkata, WB

18,502,000

522

1,352

35,444

13,686

1

16

Thailand

Bangkok

18,007,000

1,235

3,199

14,581

5,630

1

17

China

Shenzhen, GD

17,619,000

696

1,803

25,315

9,774

2

18

Russia

Moscow

17,332,000

2,376

6,154

7,295

2,817

1

19

Argentina

Buenos Aires

16,710,000

1,327

3,437

12,592

4,862

1

20

Nigeria

Lagos

16,637,000

759

1,966

21,920

8,464

1

21

Turkey

Istanbul

16,079,000

568

1,471

28,308

10,930

1

22

Pakistan

Karachi

15,738,000

434

1,124

36,263

14,002

1

23

India

Bangalore, KA

15,386,000

541

1,401

28,440

10,981

1

24

United States

Los Angeles, CA

15,204,000

2,452

6,351

6,201

2,394

2

25

Viet Nam

Ho Chi Minh City

15,136,000

836

2,165

18,105

6,991

1

26

Japan

Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto

15,126,000

1,166

3,020

12,973

5,009

1

27

China

Chengdu, SC

14,645,000

747

1,935

19,605

7,570

2

28

South Africa

Johannesburg-Pretoria

14,586,000

1,560

4,040

9,350

3,610

1

29

Iran

Tehran

14,148,000

658

1,704

21,502

8,302

1

30

Congo (Dem. Rep.)

Kinshasa

12,836,000

183

474

70,142

27,083

2

31

Brazil

Rio de Janeiro

12,592,000

780

2,020

16,144

6,233

1

32

India

Chennai, TN

12,395,000

419

1,085

29,582

11,422

1

33

China

Xi’an, SAA

12,328,000

705

1,826

17,487

6,752

2

34

Pakistan

Lahore

12,306,000

365

945

33,715

13,018

1

35

China

Chongqing, CQ

12,135,000

610

1,580

19,893

7,681

2

36

United Kingdom

London

11,262,000

671

1,738

16,784

6,481

2

37

France

Paris

11,060,000

1,102

2,853

10,040

3,877

1

38

China

Zhengzhou, HEN

10,959,000

689

1,785

15,906

6,141

2

39

China

Dongguan, GD

10,646,000

679

1,759

15,679

6,054

2

40

India

Hyderabad, TL

10,494,000

542

1,404

19,362

7,476

1

41

China

Tianjin, TJ

10,368,000

1,086

2,813

9,547

3,686

2

42

Peru

Lima

10,320,000

344

891

30,000

11,583

1

43

China

Wuhan, HUB

10,251,000

665

1,722

15,415

5,952

2

44

Colombia

Bogota

10,085,000

217

562

46,475

17,945

1

45

China

Hangzhou, ZJ

9,523,000

519

1,344

18,349

7,085

2

46

Japan

Nagoya

9,197,000

1,430

3,704

6,431

2,483

1

47

ChinaTaiwan

Taipei

9,079,000

409

1,059

22,198

8,571

1

48

United States

Chicago, IL-IN-WI

9,057,000

2,705

7,006

3,348

1,293

2

49

Angola

Luanda

9,051,000

388

1,005

23,327

9,007

1

50

Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur

8,911,000

835

2,163

10,672

4,121

1

51

China

Nanjing, JS

8,422,000

623

1,614

13,518

5,220

2

52

India

Pune, MH

8,231,000

251

650

32,793

12,662

1

53

India

Ahmadabad, GJ

8,009,000

156

404

51,340

19,823

1

54

China

Shenyang-Fushun, LN

7,964,000

599

1,551

13,295

5,134

2

55

Tanzania

Dar es Salaam

7,962,000

371

961

21,461

8,286

1

56

Sudan

Khartoum

7,869,000

398

1,031

19,771

7,634

1

world Mega Cities 2023

 

Built-Up Land Area

Urban Population Density

 

Rank

Geography

Urban Area

Population Estimate

Square Miles

Square Kilometers

Per Square Mile

Per Square Kilometer

B

113

China

Wuxi, JS

4,479,000

379

982

11,818

4,563

2

114

South Africa

Cape Town

4,448,000

324

839

13,728

5,301

1

115

China

Fuzhou, FJ

4,443,000

288

746

15,427

5,957

2

116

Dominican Republic

Santo Domingo

4,379,000

166

430

26,380

10,186

1

117

China

Ningbo, ZJ

4,339,000

364

943

11,920

4,603

2

118

Morocco

Casablanca

4,314,000

181

469

23,834

9,203

1

119

Nepal

Kathmandu

4,313,000

77

199

56,013

21,627

1

120

Kuwait

Kuwait

4,289,000

280

725

15,318

5,914

1

121

Ghana

Kumasi

4,257,000

251

650

16,960

6,549

1

122

China

Guiyang, GZ

4,226,000

281

728

15,039

5,807

2

123

United States

Detroit, MI

4,221,000

1,648

4,268

2,561

989

2

124

China

Nanchang, JX

4,198,000

300

777

13,993

5,403

2

125

Bangladesh

Chittagong

4,196,000

74

192

56,703

21,894

1

126

China

Changzhou, JS

4,164,000

483

1,251

8,621

3,329

2

127

China

Dalian, LN

4,135,000

403

1,044

10,261

3,962

2

128

China

Zhongshan, GD

4,072,000

302

782

13,483

5,206

2

129

China

Jinan, SD

4,017,000

360

932

11,158

4,308

2

130

Mali

Bamako

4,014,000

163

422

24,626

9,508

1

131

Germany

Berlin

4,012,000

528

1,368

7,598

2,934

1

132

United States

Seattle, WA

3,993,000

1,260

3,263

3,169

1,224

2

133

India

Kanpur, UP

3,988,000

81

210

49,235

19,010

1

134

China

Wenzhou, ZJ

3,984,000

206

534

19,340

7,467

2

135

Pakistan

Faisalabad

3,961,000

121

313

32,736

12,640

1

136

Brazil

Recife

3,909,000

206

534

18,976

7,327

1

137

Syria

Aleppo

3,868,000

109

282

35,486

13,702

1

138

Nigeria

Ibadan

3,846,000

182

471

21,132

8,159

1

139

China

Shijiazhuang, HEB

3,833,000

340

881

11,274

4,353

2

140

Burkina Faso

Ouagadougou

3,831,000

182

471

21,049

8,128

1

141

China

Harbin, HL

3,830,000

259

671

14,788

5,710

2

142

South Korea

Busan

3,814,000

230

596

16,583

6,403

1

143

Indonesia

Medan

3,811,000

185

479

20,600

7,954

1

144

Algeria

Algiers

3,779,000

171

443

22,099

8,533

1

145

Senegal

Dakar

3,775,000

75

194

50,333

19,434

1

146

Nigeria

Abuja

3,770,000

358

927

10,531

4,066

1

147

Colombia

Medellín

3,752,000

93

241

40,344

15,577

1

148

Canada

Montréal, QC

3,707,000

534

1,383

6,942

2,680

1

149

Congo (Dem. Rep.)

Mbuji-Mayi

3,682,000

53

137

69,472

26,824

2

150

Brazil

Fortaleza

3,672,000

219

567

16,767

6,474

1

151

Italy

Naples

3,636,000

398

1,031

9,136

3,527

1

152

Cameroon

Douala

3,629,000

78

202

46,526

17,964

1

153

Brazil

Porto Alegre

3,625,000

347

899

10,447

4,034

1

154

Uzbekistan

Tashkent

3,585,000

415

1,075

8,639

3,335

1

155

Sri Lanka

Colombo

3,581,000

270

699

13,263

5,121

1

156

India

Indore, MP

3,575,000

109

282

32,798

12,664

1

157

Iran

Mashhad

3,521,000

183

474

19,240

7,429

2

158

Brazil

Brasilia

3,507,000

372

963

9,427

3,640

1

159

Brazil

Salvador

3,462,000

168

435

20,607

7,957

1

160

Greece

Athens

3,450,000

225

583

15,333

5,920

1

161

India

Varanasi, UP

3,380,000

67

174

50,448

19,479

1

162

China

Changchun, JL

3,354,000

316

818

10,614

4,098

2

163

South Africa

Durban

3,318,000

414

1,072

8,014

3,095

1

164

India

Nagpur, MH

3,300,000

107

277

30,841

11,908

1

165

India

Patna, BR

3,299,000

58

150

56,879

21,962

1

166

Pakistan

Gujranwala

3,292,000

84

218

39,190

15,132

1

167

Yemen

Sana

3,274,000

97

251

33,753

13,032

1

168

Zambia

Lusaka

3,270,000

121

313

27,025

10,435

1

Source: Demographia World Urban Areas 18th Annual 2022.07

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Sources:

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